At the close of the 20th century, Hong Kong was the undisputed economic powerhouse of the region. Since then, the Pearl River Delta area has become an unavoidable aspect of China rocketing economy: one-third of all exported goods from China are made in the Delta which represents only 1% of China total surface area. In fact, just prior to the handover from the United Kingdom to China, the city’s economic output was equal to a quarter of China’s entire GDP. The increased population offset the health benefits from PM 2.5 decline. 4.1 Hong Kong. Visualizing the Biggest Threats to Earth’s Biodiversity, How News Media is Describing the Incident at the U.S. Capitol, Ranked: The Most Valuable Nation Brands in 2020, Decoding U.S. Election Day in 9 Key Charts, View a high resolution version of this graphic. A very unique demographic blending is taking place in the area with a particularly young, dynamic and open to the world population. Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Beijing in China, Sao Paulo in Brazil) 127 cities (15.1%) from … As surveillance networks become more sophisticated and granular, there is increasing concern about breaches to personal freedoms. MONITORING POPULATION EVOLUTION IN THE PEARL RIVER DELTA FROM 2000 TO 2010 . The report further indicates that the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Jing-Jin-Ji area account for over 40% of China’s national economic output. In coastal waters of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) is thought to number approximately 2500 individuals. While governments like China’s claim that having high amounts of surveillance cameras helps reduce crime, the actual data gets messy. This massive urban agglomeration is located in Guangdong, a province in Southern China. As the world transitions to a cleaner future, the demand for rare earth metals is expected to nearly double by 2030, and countries are in need of a reliable supply chain. It is also home to the world's largest shopping mall. Urbanization rate keeps increasing in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) after China's reform and open-up policy in 1979. Visualizing the Human Impact on the Earth’s Surface. For example, the Chinese city of Taiyuan has roughly 120 cameras per every thousand people and yet the city has a higher crime index than most. The terrain is tilted from north to south, and the total area of the study area is 1985.3 km2. Discussion on population issue in sustainable development of social-economy in the Pearl River Delta. (In 2010, Tokyo had a population of about 32 million people and covered about 5,600 square kilometers.) It is one of the most densely urbanized regions in the world, and is often considered a megacity. Japan and the U.S. are by far the largest importers, collectively accounting for more than two-thirds of China’s rare earth metals exports. The township population in Guangdong Province grew from 6.88 million in 1985 to 40.80 million in 1990, almost a sixfold increase. It has a total population of about 72 million (five percent of China’s total population). Around 88% of China’s 2019 rare earth exports went to just five countries, which are among the world’s technological and economic powerhouses. A case in point comes from 2010 when China reduced its rare earth export quotas by 37%, which in part resulted in skyrocketing rare earth prices worldwide. China’s Pearl River Delta has surpassed Tokyo in both size and population, making it the largest urban area in the world, according to the World Bank. View the high resolution version of today’s graphic by clicking here. Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province. Split from Guangming & Gongming Subdistrict, Merged into Chengdong & Chengxi Subdistrict. Since the world’s first CCTV camera was installed in Germany in 1942, the number of surveillance cameras around the world has grown immensely. The increased population offset the health benefits from PM 2.5 decline. However, they are administratively and politically quite different. In order to reduce dependence on China, the U.S. and Japan have made it a priority to diversify their sources of rare earth metals. A very unique demographic blending is taking place in the area with a particularly young, dynamic and open to the world population. One physical manifestation of Mainland China’s push for an integrated region is the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge. The Pearl River Delta (or PRD) is in Guangdong province, China.It is a bustling region with massive manufacturing and trade. London is the only non-Asian city to crack the list with 399 CCTV cameras per square kilometer. Did you know that a single iPhone contains eight different rare earth metals? Accurate numbers are really tough to come by anyway, since there are regulations guiding internal migration and the Pearl River Delta is the major manufacturing hub, so lots of people live there unofficially and may not be counted. Also known as rare earth elements or simply “rare earths”, this group of 17 elements is critical to a number of wide-ranging industries. In the middle is the Yangtze River Delta region which includes Shanghai and has a population of 130 million and GDP of $2 trillion. Int J Biometeorol. Although the cities in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) in China are amongst the world’s cities most exposed to flooding due to climate change, surprisingly little is done to address this problem. In January 2018, stagnant winds caused pollution to accumulate over the Pearl River Delta, leading the local authorities to encourage people to stay indoors to avoid serious health effects. Pearl River Delta (includes Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Macao, Hong Kong, and a bunch of other less well known but high population cities/districts), has anywhere between 60-120 million people (multiple estimates, apparently, this is about 3 or 6 metro NYCs) in an area the size a … Although deposits of rare earth metals exist all over the world, the majority of both mining and refining occurs in China. The 12 urban clusters saw their share of China’s total population rise from 61.12% to 63.07% during the period from 2006 to 2015, for an increase of 1.95 percentage points. The Pearl River Delta has witnessed the most rapid urban expansion in human history – a predominantly agricultural region transformed into the world’s largest continuous city. Megapolis at the gates. This shift in the regional dynamic is causing trepidation in Hong Kong, where over 90% of the millennial population identifies as “Hong Konger” as opposed to “Chinese”. The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses nearly 7000 square kilometers, 0.07 percent of China, with a population of 22 million people, 3.1 percent of the 2010 population of mainland China. One legacy of this period is a historic waterfront district lined with buildings in the treaty port style. Epub 2019 Dec 6. A population of almost 100 million live on an area of about 70,000 square miles. To put the scale of this population clustering into perspective, here are the populations of cities within the Pearl River Delta in 2020 compared with modern-day metropolitan areas in North America and Europe: Image: Visual Capitalist Today, this compact region has a GDP equivalent to that of South Korea. It is well known for being a regional tourist hub, a medium-sized provincial "college town" as well as an up-and-coming manufacturing center. It is considered one of the world's most complicated river networks and the density of channel length, which is the distance from one junction to another junction in river networks, is 0.68–1.07 km/km 2 . For starters, the U.S. has added rare earth metals to its list of critical minerals, and President Donald Trump recently issued an executive order to encourage local production. Unofficial estimates of the floating population in the delta range from 10 million in 1997 (Shen, 2002) to 20 million in 2003. Rare earth deposits exist all over the planet, but the majority of the world’s rare earth metals are produced and refined in China. Although CCTV cameras have become extremely prevalent in cities around the world, this does not mean these cameras are seeing and recognizing our every move. The region is a major manufacturing center with an economy the size of Taiwan’s. Ultimately, the large majority of rare earth refining, 80%, resides in China. At the same time, the industrial structural upgrade changes the population distribution of the PRD. I've seen estimates for the region of 60-120 million and I think these unofficial residents account for the bulk of the discrepancy in the guess work. The economic power of the Pearl River Delta is best reflected by the fact that although the region’s population is 5% of that of China, it produces more than 10% of its economic output, which would in itself make the area the 12th most powerful national economy, surpassing the economic power of Russia (1283.2 billion USD). As the visualization above, by Time Out Hong Kong, demonstrates, the sleepy Pearl River Delta was on the cusp of an unprecedented growth spurt that would see cities expand and merge to become the largest contiguous urban region in the world. Although it covers only 1% of China’s territory and makes up 4.3% of its population, the Pearl River Delta is the biggest economic hub in the country. In the two decades after Deng Xiaoping’s market reforms, the GDP of the region grow by more than 10x and urbanization – bolstered by large-scale infrastructure projects – began in earnest. The Pearl River Delta (or PRD) is in Guangdong province, China.It is a bustling region with massive manufacturing and trade. The climate of the study area is Subtropical Monsoon Climate. The mean annual temperature ranges from 1.6 C in winter to 36.7 C in summer, and mean New North American refining facilities are being set up to tackle this, but the challenge lies in managing the environmental impacts of processing rare earths. In most instances, cameras are in a fixed position—and some of the more invasive aspects of CCTV, like accompanying facial recognition technology, are not universal yet. Lanthanum, found in hybrid vehicles and smartphones, was China’s largest rare earth export by volume, followed by cerium. Google Scholar Join the 220,000+ subscribers who receive our daily email, 50 Years of Gaming History, by Revenue Stream (1970-2020). Economically and linguistically, the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau — located on opposite sides of the mouth of the Pearl — are very much part of the PRD. Shenzhen was an unassuming town of 30,000 people – with only one functioning taxi – and China was still very much a communist, rural country. This study aims to clarify how the relationship of metals and metalloids to human populations influences their source characterization and health risk, based on metal concentrations in 298 soil samples in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) and the corresponding zip-code level population. Journal of Geographical Geo-Information Science, 19, 109–112. It's home to 65 million people, a population similar to that of the United Kingdom. Something went wrong. ac. China is doubling down with surveillance in its cities by pioneering the usage and exportation of facial recognition technology. Located in Southeastern China along the Pearl River estuary, the Pearl River Delta is highly populated and has a very high rate of urbanization. But mining is merely one piece of the puzzle. The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region (PRD, Chinese: 珠江三角洲城市圈; pinyin: Zhūjiāng Sānjiǎozhōu Chéngshìquān) is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea. Rich Culture and great Living Environment The urban agglomeration of cities, built along the Pearl River estuary, is officially called Pearl River Delta. As we close in on one billion CCTV surveillance cameras globally by the end of 2021, we will undoubtedly continue to be monitored well into the future. Megalopolis at the Gates Please try again later. Nearly a decade since this plan was unveiled, the Pearl River Delta has won recognition by the World Bank as the largest urban area – or megacity - in the world, surpassing Tokyo in population and territory: 60 million residents and 56,000 square kilometres. The terrain is tilted from north to south, and the total area of the study area is 1985.3 km2. MO), Public transportation in Northern Guangdong & Pearl River Delta (GD), Public transportation in eastern Guangdong & Pearl River Delta. The "Turn The Pearl River Delta Into One" scheme will create a 16,000 sq mile urban area that is 26 times larger geographically than Greater London, or twice the size of Wales. 1 Geography of Pearl River Delta; 2 Canton – Guangdong (广东) explanation; 3 How to explore Pearl River Delta; 4 The cities of the Pearl River Delta Region. The designation of Shenzhen and Zhuhai as SEZs was a strategic move to act as an “overflow” for businesses in Hong Kong, and the impact on the Pearl River Delta was profound and immediate. 1,2, Fang Liu 1,*, Zengxiang Zhang 1 1. The 12 urban clusters saw their share of China’s total population rise from 61.12% to 63.07% during the period from 2006 to 2015, for an increase of 1.95 percentage points. In 1979, the Chinese government – led by Deng Xiaoping – created four Special Economic Zones (SEZ) with the intention of attracting foreign direct investment and encouraging private enterprise. Overall, the result of the urbanization policy in the Pearl River Delta has been a rapid population growth rate for small towns, whereas the populations of big cities such as Guangzhou have increased much less rapidly. At the close of the 20th century, Hong Kong was the undisputed economic powerhouse of the region. cn 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. In the above interactive graphic, Surfshark maps out how prevalent CCTV surveillance cameras are in the world’s 130 most populous cities. Severe air pollution in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of southern China has increased attention of both the scientific community and policy makers. Which Countries are Mapping the Ocean Floor? The Pearl River Delta population of Chinese white dolphins may be the largest identified population of the species globally, with the most recent estimate of abundance as low as 2,000 individuals (excluding estimates from the Moyang River Estuary, Yangjiang). In the late 1970s, the fertile river delta to the north of Hong Kong’s territory was primarily agricultural land. The above graphic from CSIS China Power Project tracks China’s exports of rare earth metals in 2019, providing a glimpse of the country’s dominating presence in the global supply chain. 340 cities (40.4%) from upper-middle-income countries (e.g. The Periodic Table of Commodity Returns (2021 Edition), Why Gold Mining Stocks Outperform Gold in Bull Markets, Prediction Consensus: What the Experts See Coming in 2021, The Best and Worst Performing Sectors of 2020, Mapped: Drone Privacy Laws Around the World, Mapped: The Top Surveillance Cities Worldwide, Switch to Success: 20 Years of Nintendo Console Sales, Mapped: Facebook’s Path to Social Network Domination (2008-2020), Putting the Cost of COVID-19 in Perspective, How Every Asset Class, Currency, and S&P 500 Sector Performed in 2020, A Very COVID Christmas: The Pandemic’s Impact on Festive Spending, Mapped: The Risk of Eviction and Foreclosure in U.S. States, Chart: A Global Look at How People Spend Their Time, The Economic Impact of COVID-19, According to Business Leaders, The Race to Save Lives: Comparing Vaccine Development Timelines, Tracking COVID-19 Vaccines Around the World, The Year in Review: 2020 in 20 Visualizations, Chart: Debt-to-GDP Continues to Rise Around the World, Mapped: The World’s Largest State-Owned Oil Companies, A Global Breakdown of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sector, Mainstream EV Adoption: 5 Speedbumps to Overcome, Visualizing the Range of EVs on Major Highway Routes, More Than Precious: Silver’s Role in the New Energy Era (Part 3 of 3), Visualizing China’s Dominance in Rare Earth Metals, 5 Drivers Behind the Sustainable Investing Shift. 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