In The Simpsons (season 2) episode Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment, Homer Simpson violated the 8th Commandment after he stole cable TV, so Lisa urged him to get rid of it. The man that loves God must … Faithful Jews or Christians may cite the Ten Commandments as authority. I, Sermon 25). plural noun. There are two main principles of all the Commandments, namely, love of God and love of neighbor. These commandments show us how to live a better life now and please God forever. The Catholic Ten Commandments are a summary of “the conditions of a life freed from the slavery of sin” (Catechism, 2057).  The Church's general repudiation of Jewish practices during this period is apparent in the Council of Laodicea (4th century AD) where Canons 37–38 state: "It is not lawful to receive portions sent from the feasts of Jews or heretics, nor to feast together with them" and "It is not lawful to receive unleavened bread from the Jews, nor to be partakers of their impiety".  This can be compared to diplomatic treaties of the ancient Near East, in which a copy was made for each party. Nevertheless, he drew near the "thick darkness" where "the presence of the Lord" was to hear the additional statutes and "judgments", all which he "wrote" in the "book of the covenant" which he read to the people the next morning, and they agreed to be obedient and do all that the LORD had said. , Originally this commandment forbade male Israelites from having sexual intercourse with the wife of another Israelite; the prohibition did not extend to their own slaves. The biblical language of the Ten Commandments has also entered pop culture, especially the King James construction of Thou shalt not. Ten Commandments Definition. Most major English versions use the word "commandments".. (VII) Thou shalt not commit adultery. Romans 13:8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.  Similarly, in The Decalogue he stated that "under [the "commandment… against adulterers"] many other commands are conveyed by implication, such as that against seducers, that against practisers of unnatural crimes, that against all who live in debauchery, that against all men who indulge in illicit and incontinent connections. Two famous films with this name were directed by Cecil B. DeMille: a silent movie which was released in 1923 and starred Theodore Roberts as Moses and a colour VistaVision version which was released in 1956, and starred Charlton Heston as Moses. Aaron. These are the ten precepts to which Our Lord referred when He said: "If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments" (Matt., xix. Many commentators see this issue as part of a wider culture war between liberal and conservative elements in American society. And you shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. Collins, R. F. (1992). Hundreds of monuments were also placed by director Cecil B. DeMille as a publicity stunt to promote his 1956 film The Ten Commandments. Unless there is a Higher Authority (God) behind the Ten Commandments, all right and wrong are just personal opinions and beliefs, subject to change. —@ln2r_, September 10, 2012, “A Republican candidate’s careful answer to a debate question about the Ten Commandments on Friday shook up the Alabama governor’s race, as Sen. Bill Hightower began to take criticism from the far right.”  The Exodus version is read in parashat Yitro around late January–February, and on the festival of Shavuot, and the Deuteronomy version in parashat Va'etchanan in August–September. I … Excluding religions that have not accepted the ten commandments creates the appearance of impropriety. Exodus 20 2-17. Thou shall not have any other gods before God, Thou shall not make yourself an idol, Thou shall not take the Lord's name in vain, Remember the Sabbath Day and keep it holy, Honor your Father and Mother. And you shall not desire your neighbor's house, his field, You shall not covet your neighbor's wife …. Instead of allowing Summum to erect its monument, the local governments chose to remove their ten commandments. Decalogue definition, the Ten Commandments.  In both sources, the terms are translatable as "the ten words", "the ten sayings", or "the ten matters". , Richard Elliott Friedman argues that the Ten Commandments at Exodus 20:1–17 "does not appear to belong to any of the major sources. , After rejecting the Roman Catholic moral theology, giving more importance to biblical law and the gospel, early Protestant theologians continued to take the Ten Commandments as the starting point of Christian moral life. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. A commandment is a rule or mandate, especially a divine one. Levinson points out that there is no evidence, internal to the Hebrew Bible or in external sources, to support this conjecture. Markl, Dominik (2012): "The Decalogue in History: A Preliminary Survey of the Fields and Genres of its Reception", in: This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 14:35. 10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. The Ten Commandments are a set of Judeo-Christian religious rules—very influential to both historic and contemporary morality, ethics, and worship in the West—believed to be sent directly from God to humanity. If He wills, He will punish him, and if He wills, He will forgive him.". Another result has been that other religious organizations have tried to put monuments to their laws on public lands. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. The controversy reached crisis level in the 8th century, during the period of iconoclasm: the smashing of icons, and again in the Middle Ages, becoming a critical point of contention in the Protestant Reformation.  He concurs about the importance of the decalogue as "a central feature in the covenant that brought together Israel into being as a people" but views the parallels between Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5, along with other evidence, as reason to believe that it is relatively close to its original form and Mosaic in origin. Also, some argue like Judge Roy Moore that prohibiting the public practice of religion is a violation of the first amendment's guarantee of freedom of religion.. "6And come not near to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; 7And give full measure and full weight with justice. The influential 1611 King James Version of the Bible renders the commandments in the now familiar and widely quoted. In 2005, the issue went to the Supreme Court over citizen Thomas Van Orden’s lawsuit against the Texas State Capitol for exhibiting a large stone monument bearing the Ten Commandments. By the moral law, we understand all the Ten Commandments taken in their full extent. there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. Islam has a stronger prohibition, banning representations of God, and in some cases of Muhammad, humans and, in some interpretations, any living creature. German Old Testament scholar Albrecht Alt: Das Verbot des Diebstahls im Dekalog (1953), suggested that the commandment translated as "thou shalt not steal" was originally intended against stealing people—against abductions and slavery, in agreement with the Talmudic interpretation of the statement as "thou shalt not kidnap" (Sanhedrin 86a). Engrave on two … We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. Both Dekalog, a 1989 Polish film series directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski, and The Ten, a 2007 American film, use the ten commandments as a structure for 10 smaller stories. This is from the Greek words deka, which means ten… You shall set up these stones, which I command you today, on Mount Gerizim. Critics argue that, due to the overtly religious nature of the Commandments, featuring them in government buildings violates the principle of separation of church and state implied by the U.S. Constitution. (X) Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbor's. In 726 Emperor Leo III ordered all images removed from all churches; in 730 a council forbade veneration of images, citing the Second Commandment; in 787 the Seventh Ecumenical Council reversed the preceding rulings, condemning iconoclasm and sanctioning the veneration of images; in 815 Leo V called yet another council, which reinstated iconoclasm; in 843 Empress Theodora again reinstated veneration of icons. In Matthew 19:16–19 Jesus repeated five of the Ten Commandments, followed by that commandment called "the second" (Matthew 22:34–40) after the first and great commandment. The mount was covered by the cloud for six days, and on the seventh day Moses went into the midst of the cloud and was "in the mount forty days and forty nights. Scholars disagree about when the Ten Commandments were written and by whom. This term is also sometimes used in English, in addition to Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments is a 1956 American religious historical epic film produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille, shot in VistaVision, and released by Paramount Pictures. During his Sermon on the Mount, Jesus explicitly referenced the prohibitions against murder and adultery. Rabbi Hanina ben Gamaliel says that each tablet contained five commandments, "but the Sages say ten on one tablet and ten on the other", that is, that the tablets were duplicates.  Eastern Orthodox tradition teaches that while images of God, the Father, remain prohibited, depictions of Jesus as the incarnation of God as a visible human are permissible. Yerushalmi Berakhot, Chapter 1, fol. The biblical story of God’s delivery of the Ten Commandments has notably been told in film, from a 1923 silent film by Cecil DeMille to Charlton Heston’s 1956 treatment, both called The Ten Commandments. Ten Commandments - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. The biblical narrative of the revelation at Sinai begins in Exodus 19 after the arrival of the children of Israel at Mount Sinai (also called Horeb). Israel Finkelstein, Neil Asher Silberman (2002). And when you have passed over the Yaardaan [Jordan] you shall set up these stones, which I command you today, in Aargaareezem [Mount Gerizim]. “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. Levinson, Bernard M. (July 2002). 73–74, Emmet V. Mittlebeeler, (2003) "Ten Commandments." The Ten Commandments (Hebrew: עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת, Aseret ha'Dibrot; Arabic: وصايا عشر), also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship that play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity. They form the foundation of Jewish ethics, behavior and responsibility. The Ten Commandments are so familiar that they provide a common way to frame guidelines and directives in various fields (e.g., the Ten Commandments of Dating, the Ten Commandments of Business).  An even later date (after 586 BCE) is suggested by David H. The text of the Ten Commandments appears twice in the Hebrew Bible: at Exodus 20:2–17 and Deuteronomy 5:6–17. U.S. courts have often ruled against displays of the Ten Commandments on government property. One result of these legal cases has been that proponents of displaying the Ten Commandments have sometimes surrounded them with other historical texts to portray them as historical, rather than religious. 17). Ten Commandments in American English. By the beginning of the twenty-first century in the U.S., however, Decalogue monuments and plaques in government spaces had become a legal battleground between religious as well as political liberals and conservatives. pl.n. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. 5. You shall not covet your neighbor's house. Laying Down The Law On “Sedition” vs. “Treason” vs. “Insurrection” vs. “Coup”. Ten-commandments meaning The Ten Commandments are laws or rules handed down to Moses by God on Mount Sinai. three-dimensional depictions, continue to be banned. He then recited the (above) Ayah (6:151-153). Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages?  A confession begins with the Confessor reciting the Ten Commandments and asking the penitent which of them he has broken. The Geneva Bible used "tenne commandements", which was followed by the Bishops' Bible and the Authorized Version (the "King James" version) as "ten commandments". He then said, "Whoever fulfills (this pledge), then his reward will be with Allah, but whoever fell into shortcomings and Allah punishes him for it in this life, then that will be his recompense. Ex. , The Ten Commandments are a summary of the requirements of a works covenant (called the "Old Covenant"), given on Mount Sinai to the nascent nation of Israel. Moses escorted a select group consisting of Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and "seventy of the elders of Israel" to a location on the mount where they worshipped "afar off" and they "saw the God of Israel" above a "paved work" like clear sapphire stone.. " He suggests that differences in the J and E versions of the Ten Commandments story are a result of power struggles in the priesthood. "...all which a man loves, for which he leaves everything else but that, is his god, thus the glutton and drunkard has for his idol his own flesh, the fornicator has for his idol the harlot and the greedy has for his idol silver and gold, and so the same for every other sinner. , The traditional Rabbinical Jewish belief is that the observance of these commandments and the other mitzvot are required solely of the Jewish people and that the laws incumbent on humanity in general are outlined in the seven Noahide laws, several of which overlap with the Ten Commandments. In Catholicism, Jesus freed Christians from the rest of Jewish religious law, but not from their obligation to keep the Ten Commandments.  The words attributed to Jesus prohibit not only worshipping statues of wood or stone; but also statues of flesh. The eighth commandment is 'Thou shalt not steal'. In many versions of the Bible, the commandments are mentioned as laws in Exodus 24:12-13 and named as the Ten Commandments in Exodus 34:28. Whoever Allah delays (his reckoning) until the Hereafter, then his matter is with Allah. Exodus 20:2–17; Deuteronomy 5:6–21.  Abinadi knew the Ten Commandments from the brass plates.. They conclude that the ten commandments are derived from Judeo-Christian religions, to the exclusion of others: the statement "Thou shalt have no other gods before me" excludes non-monotheistic religions like Hinduism, for example. — “I am the Lord thy God, thou shalt not have any strange gods before Me. Julius Wellhausen's documentary hypothesis suggests that Exodus 20-23 and 34 "might be regarded as the document which formed the starting point of the religious history of Israel. “Honor your father and mother. See more. Faithful Jews or Christians may cite the. The portion of Scripture known as the \"Ten Commandments\" ( Exod 20:3-17 ; Deut 5:7-21 ) is a key segment of the Sinai covenant, which was entered into by God and the people of Israel.  In modern use (usually as a result of Roman Catholic influence), more naturalistic images and images of the Father, however, also appear occasionally in Orthodox churches, but statues, i.e.  The Ten Commandments are considered eternal gospel principles necessary for exaltation. 20; 24:12,34; Deut. Most traditions of Christianity hold that the Ten Commandments have divine authority and continue to be valid, though they have different interpretations and uses of them. ", The Abrahamic religions observe the Sabbath in various ways. Hence they’re also […] In Jewish Bibles the references to the Ten Commandments are therefore Exodus 20:2–14 and Deuteronomy 5:6–18. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image. The Ten Commandments are a set of rules or laws. Critics instead began to suppose that law and ritual could be of equal importance, while taking different form, at different times. Viewed as a treaty rather than a law code, its purpose is not so much to regulate human affairs as to define the scope of the king's power. "10And verily, this (the Commandments mentioned in the above Verses) is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. In England, such "Decalogue boards" also represented the English monarch's emphasis on rule of royal law within the churches. The text of the Samaritan tenth commandment follows:. Ten Commandments synonyms, Ten Commandments pronunciation, Ten Commandments translation, English dictionary definition of Ten Commandments. The Hittite treaty also stipulated the obligations imposed by the ruler on his vassals, which included a prohibition of relations with peoples outside the empire, or enmity between those within. Modern biblical scholarship differs as to whether Exodus 19–20 describes the people of Israel as having directly heard all or some of the decalogue, or whether the laws are only passed to them through Moses. , The arrangement of the commandments on the two tablets is interpreted in different ways in the classical Jewish tradition. ", Multiple translations exist of the fifth/sixth commandment; the Hebrew words לא תרצח (lo tirtzach) are variously translated as "thou shalt not kill" or "thou shalt not murder". The clip starts with … In Catholicism, the Ten Commandments are considered divine law because God himself revealed them. " As such, in Methodism, an "important aspect of the pursuit of sanctification is the careful following" of the Ten Commandments.  And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? Exodus 20:2–17; Deuteronomy 5:6–21. And His commandments are not burdensome” (1 John 5:3). , According to the Talmud, the compendium of traditional Rabbinic Jewish law, tradition, and interpretation, one interpretation of the biblical verse "the tablets were written on both their sides", is that the carving went through the full thickness of the tablets, yet was miraculously legible from both sides. 9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 3.  Through most of Christian history the decalogue was considered a summary of God's law and standard of behaviour, central to Christian life, piety, and worship.. is a rule or mandate, especially a divine one. The 10 Commandments List, Catholic Numbering, Short Form* “I am the LORD your God: you shall not have strange Gods before me. “For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments. The Tyndale and Coverdale English biblical translations used "ten verses".  Summarized by Jesus into two "great commandments" that teach the love of God and love of neighbour, they instruct individuals on their relationships with both. The second: "Thou shalt have no strange gods before me," corresponds to the seventh: "Thou shalt not commit adultery," for conjugal faithlessness is as grave a sin as idolatry, which is faithlessness to God. Forming the basis of Judeo-Christian morality and ethics, the Ten Commandments are widely taught, memorized, cited, and displayed by Jews and Christians, referenced in everything from Sunday School to bumper stickers. , The receipt of the Ten Commandments by Moses was satirized in Mel Brooks's movie History of the World Part I (1981), which shows Moses (played by Brooks, in a similar costume to Charlton Heston's Moses in the 1956 film), receiving three tablets containing fifteen commandments, but before he can present them to his people, he stumbles and drops one of the tablets, shattering it. He argues that the function of this "book" is to move from the realm of treaty to the realm of law: "The Book of the Covenant (Ex., chs. 1.  The Apostolic Constitutions, which implore believers to "always remember the ten commands of God," reveal the importance of the Decalogue in the early Church. (Source: Dr. Laura Schlessinger and Rabbi Stewart Vogel, The Ten Commandments, 1998.) © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church—the official exposition of the Catholic Church's Christian beliefs—the Commandments are considered essential for spiritual good health and growth, and serve as the basis for social justice. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the L, Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Critics argue that, due to the overtly religious nature of the Commandments, featuring them in government buildings violates the principle of, implied by the U.S. Constitution. judge between men or give evidence, etc. The phrase appears in English as early as the late 1200s. The effects of each Commandment is loosely based on the real Ten Commandments from the Abrahamic Religions. in public settings may offend people who are not Jewish, Christian, or religious. One version can be found in the Book of Exodus of the Bible.Another version can be found in the Book of Deuteronomy.In the Book of Exodus, the mountain where they were given is called Mount Sinai, the Book of Deuteronomy talks about Mount Horeb.  According to the Book of Mosiah, a prophet named Abinadi taught the Ten Commandments in the court of King Noah and was martyred for his righteousness. And because they were spelled out specifically with no room for ambiguity, they’re also positive law. This and other sources don't include the prologue, making it most consistent with the Septuagint numbering. In 2005, the issue went to the Supreme Court over citizen Thomas Van Orden’s lawsuit against the Texas State Capitol for exhibiting a large stone monument bearing the, . The Ten Commandments are a fundamental set of rules. 152. , In later centuries rabbis continued to omit the Ten Commandments from daily liturgy in order to prevent confusion among Jews that they are only bound by the Ten Commandments, and not also by many other biblical and Talmudic laws, such as the requirement to observe holy days other than the sabbath. “”The ten commandments of Gaming: 4. The book of the covenant, he notes, bears a greater similarity to Mesopotamian law codes (e.g. , The Lutheran division of the commandments follows the one established by St. Augustine, following the then current synagogue scribal division. In some traditions, worshipers rise for the reading of the Ten Commandments to highlight their special significance though many rabbis, including Maimonides, have opposed this custom since one may come to think that the Ten Commandments are more important than the rest of the Mitzvot.. Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.  and Deuteronomy 10:4. And speak to people good words (6) and establish prayer (7) and give Zakat (8)." 34), which is no official state law, but a description of normative Israelite judicial procedure in the days of the Judges, is the best example of this process. Ten commandments Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries. The receiving of the Ten Commandments by Prophet Musa (Moses) is dealt with in much detail in Islamic tradition with the meeting of Moses with God on Mount Sinai described in Surah A'raf (7:142-145). , In the 1950s and 1960s the Fraternal Order of Eagles placed possibly thousands of Ten Commandments displays in courthouses and school rooms, including many stone monuments on courthouse property. Definition of Ten Commandments : the ethical commandments of God given according to biblical accounts to Moses by voice and by writing on stone tablets on Mount Sinai First Known Use of Ten Commandments 13th century, in the meaning defined above In his Epistle to the Romans, Paul the Apostle also mentioned five of the Ten Commandments and associated them with the neighbourly love commandment. The fifth commandment: "Honor thy father and thy mother," corresponds to the tenth: "Covet not thy neighbor's wife," for one who indulges this lust produces children who will not honor their true father, but will consider a stranger their father. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. , According to a narration in Mustadrak Hakim, Ibn Abbas, a prominent narrator of Israiliyat traditions said, "In Surah Al-An`am, there are clear Ayat, and they are the Mother of the Book (the Qur'an)." As with the Reformed view, Wesley held that the moral law, which is contained in the Ten Commandments, stands today:, Every part of this law must remain in force upon all mankind in all ages, as not depending either on time or place, nor on any other circumstances liable to change; but on the nature of God and the nature of man, and their unchangeable relation to each other" (Wesley's Sermons, Vol. , European Protestants replaced some visual art in their churches with plaques of the Ten Commandments after the Reformation. Thou shalt have … (II) Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image. Matthew 5:21, Matthew 15:19, Matthew 19:19, Matthew 22:7, Mark 10:19, Luke 18:20, Romans 13:9, 1 Timothy 1:9, James 2:11, Revelation 21:8, Matthew 23:30–35, Matthew 27:4, Luke 11:50–51, Romans 3:15, Revelation 6:10, Revelation 18:24. Also called the Decalogue, they are the divinely revealed precepts received by Moses on Mount Sinai. An example of the Ten Commandments are "I am the LORD thy God. The text of the Ten Commandments appears twice in the Hebrew Bible: at Exodus 20:2–17 and Deuteronomy 5:6–21. Ten Commandments, also called Decalogue (Greek: deka logoi [“10 words”]), list of religious precepts that, according to various passages in Exodus and Deuteronomy, were divinely revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai and were engraved on two tablets of stone. They form part of the covenant made at Mount Sinai. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. The 10 Commandments are 10 beneficial laws given by God on Mount Sinai. Different religious traditions divide the seventeen verses of Exodus 20:1–17 and their parallels in Deuteronomy 5:4–21 into ten commandments in different ways, shown in the table below. , Julius Morgenstern argued that Exodus 34 is distinct from the Jahwist document, identifying it with king Asa's reforms in 899 BCE. Herbert Huffmon, "The Fundamental Code Illustrated: The Third Commandment," in. " (Exodus 20:3: "You shall have no other gods before Me"). Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? See also Rabbi David Golinkin. Though both the Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls show the passages of Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5 divided into ten specific commandments with spaces between them, many Modern English Bible translations give the appearance of more than ten imperative statements in each passage. The Decalogue, he argues, was modelled on the suzerainty treaties of the Hittites (and other Mesopotamian Empires), that is, represents the relationship between God and Israel as a relationship between king and vassal, and enacts that bond.  The Old Covenant came to an end at the cross and is therefore not in effect. Their massive influence in Western society has led to their popular depiction in the media. And it shall come to pass when the Lord thy God will bring thee into the land of the Canaanites whither thou goest to take possession of it, thou shalt erect unto thee large stones, and thou shalt cover them with lime, and thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this Law, and it shall come to pass when ye cross the Jordan, ye shall erect these stones which I command thee upon Mount Gerizim, and thou shalt build there an altar unto the Lord thy God, an altar of stones, and thou shalt not lift upon them iron, of perfect stones shalt thou build thine altar, and thou shalt bring upon it burnt offerings to the Lord thy God, and thou shalt sacrifice peace offerings, and thou shalt eat there and rejoice before the Lord thy God. Some suggest that the number ten is a choice to aid memorization rather than a matter of theology. The courts have been more accepting, however, of displays that place the Ten Commandments in a broader historical context of the development of law. , After the full forty days, Moses and Joshua came down from the mountain with the tablets of stone: "And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. Echoing an earlier rabbinic comment found in the commentary of Rashi to the Songs of Songs (4:5) Ginzberg explained—there is also a great bond of union between the first five commandments and the last five. All Free. " "And he wrote on the tablets, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me. I shall show you the home of Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah).. 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