Talk with students individually and include “hinge questions” in your lessons plans to gauge understanding before continuing, suggests Fennell. Many teachers have negative attitudes toward math based on their own school experiences. Assessing student learning and building it into the plans is important for support student learning. Flip your classroom to stimulate deeper discussion: Forrest Hinton, a high school math teacher, says he found that a blend of asynchronous and synchronous instruction worked well to stimulate student discussion during remote learning. A Whole Class Discussion takes place when the teacher and the students gather together as a class to discuss a problem or issue. Designing a physical space that is conducive to discussion certainly helps the flow of the discussion. The teacher did not tell them what they did wrong but they figured it out themselves! Discussion focuses on interactions. Therefore, it is critical that the teacher understands the “big picture” of lesson planning and figure out high cognitively demanding tasks that is worth talking about. “Together, think through the tasks and possible student responses you might encounter,” says Andrews. Common core State Standards. “It’s about helping kids have a growth mindset,” says Bax. When entering the discussion, the teacher should have in mind which strategies to emphasize and in which order. Knowing what questions to pose, encouraging students to share their answers and helping students facilitate connections is not an easy. Effective math teaching supports students as they grapple with mathematical ideas and relationships. Then they can compare and contrast their approaches and solutions with those shared by others during the mathematics discussion. Walk through your classroom as students work on problems and observe the dynamics. Sometimes we get stuck in a mindset of “a lesson a day” in order to get through the content, but we have to have flexibly thought about pacing or kids will get left behind. (They giggled as they shared this story!) − Use your notes to study vocabulary terms, formulas, and mathematical properties. So, when they solved… For instance, when teaching sixth graders how to determine area, present tasks related to a house redesign, suggests Fennell. To get our feet wet, we tried several Math Talk strategies suggested by our math book, Math Expressions. Whole class discussion is the place to discuss these issues, have students engage in argumentation and sense making to make new mathematical connections! Provide as little information as possible but enough so students can be productive. The elementary and middle school teachers who I worked with in the Northeastern Nevada Math Project and the Lemelson Math and Science program also experienced this as well. These strategies include: Solve and Discuss (Solve, Explain, Question, Justify): Four to five students go to the board and each child solves a problem using any method he chooses. These strategies are brought to life in a new Math Solutions resource widely adopted by K-5 teacher preparation educators: Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class: A Multimedia Professional Learning Resource (Bresser et al., 2009). Math Study Strategies Want some help studying for that math test? By having students think about what they are doing and what makes sense, the teacher can scaffold students to figure out how to solve for x. Welcome friends! “You don’t want to be caught off guard come March thinking that students need to know X for the tests the next month,” says Skip Fennell, project director of Elementary Mathematics Specialists and Teacher Leaders Project and professor emeritus at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. “Practice and persistence make you good at math.” Build math equity and tell students about the power and importance of math with enthusiasm and high expectations. The teacher plays a critical role in facilitating the discussion. Beth and her colleagues point out those students who are used to expecting one right answer may have a difficult time participating in a discussion. 1. 3. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Talking about mathematical concepts allows students to reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing the ideas of others. As early as second grade, girls have internalized the idea that math is not for them. As a result, they make new mathematical connections. However, when they listened to other students’ explanations during whole class discussion, they were able to figure out what they did wrong. Furthermore, having one good lesson is not good enough. View MATH114_Special factoring discussion.docx from MATH 114 at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign. They concluded that listening to each other certainly helped stretch their thinking. ( Log Out / These math-specific strategies support the broader focus on Academic Discussion as OUSD’s signature pedagogy, which connects all content areas. An article titled “What does the Research say the benefits of Discussion in Mathematics Class Are?” written by Michelle Cirillo points out that discussion can increase student learning, motivate students and support teachers to understand and assess student thinking. Copyright © 2021. Teaching math strategies in kindergarten may be easier than you think. Furthermore, it interrupts the flow of the discussion. These guidelines help you to select strategies that remove barriers in instruction so that all students can achieve their learning goals. The teacher has several options: She can show the students “the steps” to solve for x. Final discussion questions These questions draw together the efforts of the class and prompt sharing and comparison of strategies and solutions. Try to imagine what it's like for a five … However, some students figured out that x is 16. “Treat the kids like mathematicians,” says Andrews. Reflect on what did and didn’t work to improve your practice. Each article is based around a poster that I have up in my classroom, with each poster having 4 sections that deal with a general […] Use formative assessments to ensure that students understand the concepts. These 15 essential strategies in teaching mathematics can make this your class’s best math year ever. Students can make conjectures, link prior knowledge to current understanding… Students learn math through their natural spoken language. [Web of Science ®] , [Google Scholar]), there are actually many simple ways to make undergraduate mathematics courses more active, starting with the discussion of the syllabus. (See chapter 4 of Whole Class discussions.). Kids get excited about math when they have to solve real-life problems. Games are an excellent way to make the learning more fun while simultaneously promoting strategic mathematical thinking, computational fluency, and understanding of operations. you can snag our growth mindset posters for your math classroom here. Or ask them to consider how many tiles they would need to fill a deck. As students show what they’ve learned, teachers can track understanding, figure out where students need additional scaffolding or other assistance, and tailor lessons accordingly. Thank you very much for all your patience and dedication, and this was a great semester. ( Michelle Cirillo and Beth Herbel-Eisenmann co-edited a book titled Promoting Purposeful Discourse: Teacher Research in Mathematics Classrooms. I found in my work with teachers that an adapting Roger Bybee’s 5E model is helpful for facilitating effective lessons that lend themselves to discussion. Students—especially those who haven’t experienced success—can have negative attitudes about math. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. 4 Questioning Strategies For Effective & Thoughtful Teaching by Paul Moss This is the first article in a series of 4 discussing strategies to assist in becoming a better teacher. Using instruction time effectively matters. This creates a stronger conceptual understanding and mental connections with the material for the student. Happy reading! Be sure to include example problems and solutions. As a result, they make new mathematical connections. Our job as teachers is to structure the learning environment and many experiences so that it facilitates opportunities for students to learn. Learn why it’s important to honor all math strategies.Plus, check out the best math websites for teachers . The authors of Intentional Talk describe open strategy sharing as a method to “bring out a range of possible ways to solve the same problem and build students’ repertoire of strategies” (p. 18). that mathematics, at its core, makes sense. Talk about the ways math integrates with visual arts and music. What you learn can guide your instruction and determine next steps, says Fennell. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Furthermore, some student beliefs that the “answer” comes after the equal sign is not addressed. Give students a variety of options, such as timed exercises, projects, or different materials, to show that they’ve mastered foundational skills. Being intentional and using creative approaches to your instruction can get students excited about math. Set high goals, create space for exploration, and work with the students to develop a strong foundation. girls have internalized the idea that math is not for them. Over-reliance on test prep materials and “drill and kill” worksheets steals instructional time while also harming learning and motivation. Games also foster a home-school connection when they’re sent home for extra practice. Building classroom routines and a classroom culture takes time. (Psst…you can snag our growth mindset posters for your math classroom here.). Supporting Teachers to Effectively Teach Math, Common Core – Power Points Formative Assessments, Gettting involved: Math Professional Organizations, Mathematics Resources: Teacher and Research Journals, Lesson Planning Resources and Common Core links, Teaching and Professional Development Resources in Nevada, Problem Solving, Reasoning and Cognitively Demanding Tasks, Tools for Facilitating Effective Whole Class Math Discussions that Supports Learning, Whole Class Mathematics Discussions: Improving in-depth Mathematical Thinking and Learning, WHOLE CLASS DISCUSSION FRAMEWORK – CHECKLIST, Common Core Standards of Mathematical of Mathematical Practice 3, What does the Research say the benefits of Discussion in Mathematics Class Are?”, PDToolkit in Whole Class Mathematics Discussions, Promoting Purposeful Discourse: Teacher Research in Mathematics Classrooms, Why Think About The Process Of Teaching To Improve Learning, Teacher Professional Development Resources and Other Classroom Resources, Why Think About The Process Of Teaching To Improve Learning, WHOLE CLASS DISCUSSION FRAMEWORK – CHECKLIST, Teacher Professional Development Resources and Other Classroom Resources, Conceptual Understanding vs. Your class was very enjoyable and I do feel like I learned a lot. Number and Algebra 2. There are many math talk strategies teachers can use in the classroom. It is a student-centered strategy in which teachers assume the role of facilitator, and students become interactive participants. Slow down classroom discussions. you can use LEGO bricks to teach a variety of math skills. )According to them, children from diverse backgrounds can especially benefit from discussion. What struck me about this interview was the confidence that these students exhibited to engage in sense making, be wrong and even revise their thinking by listening to others. It gives them the chance to understand how they learn best, provides agency over their own learning, and allows for the space to practice different approaches to solving math problems. The difference between these scenarios is that in the second situation, students engage in sense making. Rather, the lesson must be situated in a larger context of what students should learn. Present a broad topic, review various strategies for solving a problem, and then elicit a formula or idea from the kids rather than starting with the formula. A Whole Class Discussion takes place when the teacher and the students gather together as a class to discuss a problem or issue. Features. Engage students during conversations and have them describe why they solved a problem in a certain way. This article describes simple ways to turn course introductions, review of prior knowledge, and formative assessment into active learning experiences for students. If a student cannot see another students’ representation when an explanation is given, the student and others might simply tune out of the discussion. Look ahead to the specific concepts students need to master for annual end-of-year tests and pace instruction accordingly. Teachers have to use strategies that help students learn how to attend to each other’s ideas and the mathematics. First, he taught new content asynchronously through recorded videos and online activities. Aside from learning the lesson, there are two other important goals for the teaching strategy called discussion. Being intentional and using creative approaches to your instruction can get students excited about math. This class was delightful and entertaining, mainly because instead of pointing out our mistakes, you took them as an opportunity to advise us to be better in our own classrooms. “True learning happens a lot around talking and doing math—not just drilling,” she says. We’d love to hear. To help alleviate discussion board burn-out, here are some strategies that can be used to promote student learning while reducing instructor workload: The instructor should review course learning outcomes prior to the beginning of the term and tailor discussion content to extend and enrich the material presented in the readings and module content. Thank you for the wonderful semester. It provides further opportunity for reflection and realisation of mathematical ideas and relationships. Meaningful math education goes beyond memorizing formulas and procedures. These 15 essential strategies in teaching mathematics can make this your class’s best math year ever. I think perhaps my favorite point in this post that you mentioned is about classroom management, as we won’t have a class on this for our degree/licensure. Avoid comforting and consoling when a student is struggling and instead express confidence in their ability to solve the problem and suggest strategies for how they might go about it. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Think about foundational skills they will need for future learning. Communicating about math helps students process new learning and build on their thinking. Strategy 3: Use questions strategically to engage students in mathematical discourse. Again, thanks for the awesome semester and all the great resources. It should be integrated into your planning. ( Log Out / It can be a challenge to overcome the socially acceptable thought I’m not good at math, says Sarah Bax, a math teacher at Hardy Middle School in Washington, D.C. Rather than being born with or without math talent, kids need to hear from teachers that anyone who works hard can succeed. In addition, they reported an increase in student motivation as well as their own motivation to teach. These conversations will help reinforce how mathematical thinking can help kids in all subject areas. Weekly announcements and assemblies that celebrate the top players and teams can be really inspiring for students. Involves envisioning potential student responses, strategies (correct or incorrect), representations, procedures, and interpretations. That way you can use these math strategies for kindergarten easily. A meaningful discussion cannot take place without high quality lessons. “Your job, as a teacher, is to make it engaging by asking the right questions at the right time. Here are the top math strategies for kindergarten that you can use in your lessons and the questions you should be asking. Lesson planning involves as three levels. Math: Math 3: Grade 3 NBT: Numbers & Operations in Base Ten A: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic 2: Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. “Having that recognition and moment is powerful,” says Bax. Two students commented a situation where they were solving a problem by agreeing with each other and only to discover that they were both wrong. There are things you can do to prevent transmitting any of your own math anxiety to your students. Here are seven effective strategies for teaching elementary math: 1. Children can pick up on that negativity. Make it hands-on. Classroom routines includes routines for listening, sharing and critiquing their ideas. One of the strategies that I thought could be really interesting was to have Conver-Stations in a Math class where students could be in groups of 4-6 and, perhaps as a chapter review, each student could be assigned a different but related problem form that chapter. She could point out who is “right” or “wrong.” By doing so, the students might learn the procedure for solving for “x.” However, they may not understand what they are doing. This aspect can make or break a great educator, so I think it’s wonderful that you have touched on it here! So you don’t take away their thinking, but you help them move forward to a solution,” she says. This post includes tips and strategies to get you started, as well as a variety of resources to use on your journey. When giving students an authentic problem, ask a big question and let them struggle to figure out several ways to solve it, suggests Andrews. Participants are allowed to express their knowledge, understandings, and opinions on a topic. Sep 7, 2019 - Explore Annette Martin's board "Classroom discussion strategies", followed by 150 people on Pinterest. This chapter introduces the benefits of using whole class discussions in math lessons and strategies to facilitate effective discussions that support learning. They point out that listening to students as well re-voicing what the student said is helpful to support students to develop skills to communicate mathematically. Math is a nuanced topic to teach, but with a strong tool bag of methods and strategies, even a novice teacher can provide top-notch instruction. On the other hand, the teacher can to pose questions and challenge students to think about which answer makes sense through whole class discussion. … Groups tend to learn through “discussion, clarification of ideas, and evaluation of other’s ideas.” Perhaps information that is discussed is retained in long-term memory.. Research by Webb suggests that students who worked collaboratively on math computational problems earned significantly higher scores than those who worked alone. Beth Herbel-Esienmann , Michelle Cirillo and Kathryn Skowronski wrote an article titled “Why discourse deserves our Attention! First, discussion is supposed to stimulate the students to think critically and creatively. − Stay neat and organized when working through problems. Anticipating likely student responses to mathematical tasks. why it’s important to honor all math strategies. Instead of a quick exit question or card, give a five-minute quiz to confirm students have mastered the math skill covered in the day’s lesson. Instead of seeking a specific answer, Andrews wants to have deeper discussions to figure out what a student knows and understands. Collaborate with other teachers to improve your math instruction skills. “My goal is to get information about what students are thinking and use that to guide my instruction, as opposed to just telling them information and asking them to parrot things back,” says Delise Andrews, who taught math (K–8) and is now a 3–5 grade math coordinator in the Lincoln Public Schools in Lincoln, Nebraska. Class as well as their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing their ideas students—especially those who haven t... There are things you can use in your lessons plans to gauge understanding before continuing, Fennell... 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And critiquing the ideas of others break a great semester was very enjoyable and I do feel I! A great semester slower or put students in mathematical discourse by posing questions that discussion! Implementing the Common Core Standards of mathematical practice 3: use questions strategically to students... Mathematically are the way as they grapple with mathematical ideas and the support you always gave during... Incorrect ), you can snag our growth mindset, ” says Andrews that the answer is 18 Courses! Concepts that can be difficult because it involves learning new, abstract concepts can! Discussion as OUSD ’ s signature pedagogy, which connects all content areas for every teacher and are skill... You support your students second situation, students engage in argumentation and sense.. Seven effective strategies for teaching elementary math: 1 working mathematically are the top strategies!