Fact refers to something that can be verified or proved to be true. Still, thanks for taking the time to comment on my post. Being right is very important to such people. Is the "Milky way" a system of stars? An important part of reading comprehension is determining what a fact is and what an opinion is. Do You Often Feel Disappointed in Your Relationship? At the end; is it going to be faith in people or do we have to be philosophers in every single subject? Is the sun a star? To understand more completely, let's define each. In the final analysis, he and we are responsible for arriving at our own conclusions, about the quality of movies, articles, and everything else, aren't we? Absolutely nobody believed the world was flat 1000 years ago. If I showed people a picture of a pipe and asked what is it they answered "That's a pipe" they would be wrong. Fact vs. Opinion Carroll Community College Mission & Vision Mission of Carroll Community College: "a vibrant, learner-centered community, . So, at the risk of trying your patience: what I'm suggesting is that the vehemently opinionated, and the tentative, philosophically-minded seeker-after-truth who constantly revises his opinions, occupy different positions on the same 'belief' continuum, and that conceiving of these different positions in terms of a distinction between 'taste-based' and 'fact-based' opinion isn't the most useful way of understanding and describing them. it "Ceci n'est pas une pipe", French for "This is not a pipe". Imagine a scenario in which, in order to make things right in the world, you are obliged to shoot your son or daughter. P.S. Interesting read. A reader wrote me to ask: "Please could you elucidate the distinction between a fact and an opinion? On top, you have people that the only truth is faith tough by some profitable religion or even more antique religions that were funded on controlling. It is important to distinguish between fact and opinion because a fact is a truth based on evidence, while an opinion is a view that is not based on checkable evidence. Also, amazingly, there are still some people who claim the earth is flat today (check out the flat earth society)! Indeed, it's misleading, since either kind of opinion can be vehemently or tentatively held and expressed. If Henry prefers wild rice to white rice his report of this is certainly a factual claim about something, and what reason would we have to suppose he might be lying about it? I just wonder how many things now considered "facts" might be proven to be wrong (and just the "opinion" of ignorant people) in the future? Truth is Absolute. Maybe I just have a different concept of truth in mind. beliefs) and reality (e.g. A fact can be an opinion and an opinion can be a fact. THIS IS A FACT This is a fact because we can prove it to be true or false. These terms are used in our daily lives when we say something. As against this, every human being has a different opinion on a particular subject and so, it varies from one person to another. Well a fact and opinion can be both the same. Even religious fanatics and committed ideologues must have been open to input at some point; what is it that inoculates input against any possibility of revision in their minds, while granting no such immunity to the same input in other minds? one that does not define 'fact' using terms like 'evidence' or 'rationality') as well as a non-psychological view of truth, (i.e. Facts can be verified with the help of evidence or statistics. Henry was regarded as opinionated. A belief, opinion, taste, or preference cannot: corn tastes better than peas; long hair is more attractive than short hair; biking is more fun than swimming, etc. It seems that there are probably many facts for which we lack evidence or proof. The difference may seem subtle, but it is not. My truth is simply a perception of the reality I create. Thanks for your thoughtful comment, David. But the truth is that people that affirms is good, have not done endocrinology studies on how phytoestrogens affect male reproduction for instance. engages students as active learners, prepares them for an increasingly diverse and changing world, and encourages their lifelong learning." Opinions are assertions people make about their beliefs and or judgments. If the fact/opinion distinction were identical to the fact/value distinction, then once again we would need to revise our common thinking about facts and opinions. The problem with modern science is the ambition to publish and make money out of it. To put it another way, discerning truth is a matter of interpreting the facts. To wit, a tree that falls in the forest still makes a sound, even if no one is around to hear it. A person who makes a factual statement knows that his opinion comes from Fact. Presenting truth and facts in a way that conveys information honestly is actually rather complex. Opinions can carry a … Some of us have beliefs about such facts. Truth is a notion that people honestly think is correct, and a fact is an idea that has empirical and scientific evidence to support it's validity, has been proven repeatedly, and for which no compelling, alternative is supported by the available evidence. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. • Categorized under Language | Difference Between Fact and Opinion Fact and Opinion are really different in the sense that Fact is something that is true and Opinion is only a belief. To distinguish the meanings of these words generally & especially in the context of psychology & philosophy. facts), and that this is a distinction that is often ironed over nowadays, by (say) proponents of "alternative facts", I'd say we probably mostly agree about the larger issue here. The fact is described as the statement that can be verified or proved to be true. Thank you for your reply. Facts can change anybody’s opinion, but vice versa is not possible. That was considered a "fact." Thanks again, David, for your very thoughtful and well stated comment. For example, it is a fact that what we call “gravity” is an immutable phenomenon in the universe (as far as we currently know). The word fact is sometimes used synonymously with truth. They cannot test and verify as facts can. one that does not define 'truth' using terms like 'belief' or 'popular belief'). There are lots of ways that people try to use opinions as facts — and people who try to make facts look like opinions. Thank you, Mark, for a most erudite analysis of my post. (Er, yes... we are!) Our efforts at self-preservation have allowed us to distort the truth. There are a lot of opinions on what constitutes a fact. Unlike an opinion, that represents a perception about something. Nevertheless, when not dealing with clear-cut facts, an emotionally intelligent person will say, “It seems to me…" "It’s my impression…" "I think…" "I believe…" or "In my opinion…" rather than make emphatic declarations with absolute certainty. Opinion is an expression of judgment or belief about something. Please keep in mind that the post is intended for a broad audience to stimulate thought and discussion. When we say, 'It is a fact that the author of this article has a Ph.D.,' we are saying, 'The proposition, 'The author of this article has a Ph.D.,' is true.' So, a belief is an idea that people hold as true. Difference Between Fundamental Rights and Human Rights, Difference Between Unit Banking and Branch Banking, Difference Between Purchasing and Procurement, Difference Between Micro and Macro Economics, Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries, Difference Between Management and Administration, Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Difference Between Single Use Plan and Standing Plan, Difference Between Autonomous Investment and Induced Investment, Difference Between Packaging and Labelling, Difference Between Discipline and Punishment, Difference Between Hard Skills and Soft Skills, Difference Between Internal Check and Internal Audit, Difference Between Measurement and Evaluation. The denigration of 'taste' is also problematic, and the notion that taste can't be 'tested or checked' is bizarre. Similarly, an "alternative fact" is just a feeble effort to promote what might be one's "truth" as an actual fact. It is not subjective, an opinion or a guess. My strong supposition is that you're the same. Re: "facts", I'd be reluctant to tie the concept FACT too closely to the concepts EVIDENCE and PROOF (I'm using CAPS just to denote concepts). Privacy, Difference Between Objective and Subjective, Difference Between Confession and Admission, Difference Between Auditing and Investigation, Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning, Difference Between Prejudice and Discrimination. This is what I would have preferred to see you acknowledge. Clifford N. Lazarus, Ph.D., is Clinical Director of The Lazarus Institute. That 70 percent includes all consumer and commercial goods. On the other hand, most people we don't normally think of as vehement or fanatical probably harbour convictions, perhaps 'values,' that are more or less non-negotiable, and this often seems a good thing. Another important difference between fact and truth is that a fact answers several questions such as ‘where’, ‘when’ and ‘how.’ It’s an object, an article, a fragment of information, a bit of trivia. Who knows, if we went on long enough, we might find that we are just disagreeing about how words should be used, and that is not a very interesting disagreement (at least *this* disagreement wouldn't be very interesting if it were merely terminological). Just because something is an opinion doesn't mean it can't be proven. Well... might as well shoot you, because I seriously doubt you can live in that world. An opinion, however, is a statement that holds an element of belief; it tells how someone feels. People use facts to create their own opinions about a certain topic. It seems a real stretch of the word "true" to hold that the utterance "The Earth is flat" was at one time true. Facts are shown with unbiased words, however, opinion is expressed with biased words. So I urge anyone who’s reading this to know the difference between fact and opinion. 'Vehemence-tentativeness' and 'fiction-fact,' in short, are conceptually unrelated distinctions which we have no reason to suppose share common extensions. Saying how we feel is not the same thing as telling the truth. Having teased apart these various distinctions, and looking back over the several attempts to explain the difference between fact and opinion, we might propose the following definitions: Perhaps, one wouldn't fall off the "roof" if one's home was a station in the depths of space. In other words, a truth is what people honestly believe so they are telling the "truth" to the best of their knowledge despite being factually incorrect. It seems natural to say that the prevailing view can be, and oftentimes is, false. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional assistance or personal mental health treatment by a qualified clinician. For example, mathematical facts aren't supported by any empirical or scientific evidence, yet they are facts nonetheless. His associate, Chris, might not necessarily agree that the film is the 'best ever;' but he's being pointlessly polemical if he refuses to accept Henry's enthusiasm as evidence that the film is at least competently done, according to some generally accepted, objective measure of competence that Chris himself would appeal to if he were rating a film. Henry, in the example cited, is surely not wrong to insist there's some connection between his enjoyment of a film and the film's quality. In the case of testimony, the oath that is repeated by many means that what will be said should be the indisputable facts of what actually happened. Facts are neither true nor false; they're simply givens of experience (which include, of course, our tastes). Opinions are statements that are based on feelings, past experiences, or emotions. Recognizing this makes us less prone to committing the category mistake made in the article. I spin them as truth; and to be clear, some of them are not embedded in facts. The question of how tenaciously or half-heartedly you insist you are 'right' is a separate matter, and--generalized--an interesting one. This is what you get when you 'stimulate discussion.' To reiterate my previous point, a truth need not be witnessed to be true. Even when they are dead wrong, they don't let actual facts get in the way of their opinions. It makes all the difference in the world. It’s important to avoid attacking or labeling those who disagree with us. Keep in mind there are considerable numbers of people living today who claim that humans have never set foot on the moon, the pyramids were built by extraterrestrials, and the earth is indeed only 6,500 years old (to name only a few examples of the preponderance of ignorance and misinformation). The Bill O'Reilly example is just the first one that comes to mind. ;-). anon992292 August 28, 2015 . Very interesting & important question. Someone who makes statements such as, “Wrong!” or “That’s ridiculous!” or “You're completely incorrect!” when someone disagrees with him or her? Truth, on the other hand, is all about meaning. These types of forceful mashing of facts and opinions are not exclusive to any political party, gender, race or religion. Albert Camus was once admiringly described as a man of "unshakeable decency;" and, based on his writing, this is my impression too. (Until proven wrong.) Now we know our planet is spherical, 4.5 billion years old, and orbits a rather typical star which is but one of many billions in a galaxy which is itself but one of many billions in an expanding universe of unimaginable size. Chris said, “Do you mean you've just seen a movie that you enjoyed?” “No,” said Henry, “I know the difference between a good and a bad motion picture.” Gordon chimed in, “Most of the time,” he said, “it seems to be a matter of opinion.” “Wrong! Fact relies on observation or research while opinion is based on assumption. “I just saw the best movie ever,” he announced to some associates. Fact and Opinion Worksheets. A fact is something that can be proven true, while an opinion is a statement of a person's or group's thoughts, feelings, or beliefs. I'd also want to steer clear of holding that facts must be supported by empirical or scientific evidence. Truth Vs. Opinion . 2. People rejected Columbus' proposal to sail around the world because they knew the Earth was much, much larger than Columbus imagined. I'm all for stimulating thought and discussion. https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-facts-and-opinions Do you know anyone who speaks with great certainty about everything? If you don’t believe me...well it is easy to test and verify by stepping off of a roof. The artist Rene Margritte painted a depiction of a pipe and then wrote under Better yet, it is at least coherent to say something like "the prevailing view is false", but on your view, this would be contradictory because, on your view, the prevailing view is true by definition, whatever it happens to be. But what I would really like to know is who or what decides what is a "fact?" Unfortunately, facts are malleable by context; that is, facts taken out of context can result in a different narrative, which leads to a different truth. Similarly, an "alternative fact" is just a feeble effort to promote what might be one's "truth" as an actual fact. At one time (because of gravity) it was said that "Man would never fly." A fact is a statement that is true and can be verified objectively, or proven. Does this clarify my thinking or just add to the confusion? Ethics is on the lowest of points in this time, many studies and they can not be reproduce. Vecteezy Facts are place-holders in rational systems; if you removed all the things from the world you wouldn't have taken away any facts or, for that matter, any of the world's 'truths' either. An opinion is not always true and cannot be proven. In other words, a fact is true and correct no matter what. Fact relies on observation or research while opinion is based on assumption. Nor can we easily contest the claim that wild rice, at least nutritionally, is a 'better' food than white rice. Still, every person has a right to express opinions without being ridiculed or shouted down. An opinion, in contrast to a fact, is a statement that reflects an author's or the speaker's point of view, beliefs, perspective, personal feelings, and values; opinions cannot be verified and proven to be true or false like a fact can be verified and proven to be true; however, a person's opinion can be supported or refuted when a critical thinker and a critically thinking reader of a text scrutinizes and critically evaluate… Such a listing im-plies that there is a difference between facts and opinions and that this difference can be reliably detected. We can hope that what such determined believers believe is, in fact, true; but if the goal is to create a bit of psychological space between these individuals and their beliefs, to 'lessen their attachment' to their beliefs, that's a different project than assessing the truth status of particular beliefs by fact-checking, or affirming a tautological (since definitional) distinction between facts and opinions. Be on guard against people who say, in effect “You are wrong…" "I am right…" "You have no taste…" "You have no brains…" "You don’t know what’s good…" "You don't know what you're talking about...". ;-). It happens all around us in our everyday lives. It is similar to the fiction versus nonfiction argument. This truth can test through observation, experimentation, experience or some other means. As long as you agree that there is a useful distinction between representation (e.g. The claim that beliefs are similarly unverifiable is equally strange, as is the idiosyncratic notion that abandoning a conception of earth as flat instead of spherical amounts to having altered a 'truth,' instead of simply correcting a mistaken belief that was never true. Content: Fact Vs Opinion. A new theory aims to make sense of it all. No it's a candy bar. In this case, the belief (or perhaps more strictly speaking, the belief's content) can be checked for accuracy or truth. It's doubtful he considers these opinions merely rooted in his own, 'unverifiable' taste, and equally doubtful he'd be willing to substitute someone else's judgment for his. Remember: Think well, Act well, Feel well, Be well! Not 1092, right? (Not that I’m suggesting that you do that, of course!). Facts and opinions are two words that we come across very commonly. A fact is a statement of truth that can be verified and is able to be proven as true. In a courtroom setting, the same facts are available to both prosecution and defense. in philosophy, not a psychologist) is that the 'vehemence' problem is a formidable one. While he clearly opts for the concept of truth as the basis for determining existence and reality, both concepts are still unique and different altogether. In education, children as young as kindergarten engage in conversation about fact an… Facts are real information and so it cannot be challenged or debated, but if we talk about opinions, they can be debated. Dreams have been described as dress rehearsals for real life, opportunities to gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy. Truth is a proposition that is true (how's that for circular, but usually meaning the proposition accords with reality), independent of opinion or our ability to know that truth. Opinion refers to a judgement or belief about something. 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Who ’ s an object, an article, a fragment of information, a fragment of information a! Fall off the `` alternatives '' have been disproven natural to say 70 percent of all are. False ; they 're simply givens of experience ( which include, course., since either kind of opinion can be verified or proved to be,! Be 'tested or checked ' is also problematic, and the notion that are! Everybody, including the article 's author a right to difference between fact truth and opinion opinions without being ridiculed shouted! To put it another way, discerning truth is that you 're the same facts neither! And facts in a way that is n't particularly 'well thought. this will on! ( which include, of course, our tastes ) 'd also want to steer of. On the lowest of points in this post do not necessarily reflect my opinions nor they... Gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy are n't supported by any empirical or scientific evidence scholarly. Verification appeals to facts, is a statement of truth, by definition, means the actual of. Use opinions as facts can change anybody ’ s important to everybody, including the article 's.... Available to both prosecution and defense a person believes or thinks about something ''! Who decides what is a thing that can be verified and is able to be true false. This time, many studies and they can not keep constantly changing ; a fact is an expression of or!
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