arrow function in javascript

owner of the function: Remember these differences when you are working with functions. Arrow function is one of the features introduced in the ES6 version of JavaScript. I’m going to explain in a few easy steps how to use arrow functions in JavaScript. Arrow Functions in JavaScript December 12, 2018. It also works differently than traditional functions when it comes to handling this keyword. Let’s try to access arguments inside of an arrow function: arguments object inside the arrow function equals to the arguments of regular() function invocation: 'A', 'B'. That’s why you normally cannot use an arrow function as a method: When performing a method invocation collection.isEmpty() JavaScript throws a "TypeError this.items is undefined". (number) => { return number * 2; } is an arrow function used as a callback of number.map() method. If the function has only one statement, and the statement In other words, the context inside arrow functions is lexically or statically defined. Let’s define an arrow function to greet a person: greet is an arrow function. It is a compact way of creating functions. DEV Community is a community of 549,910 amazing developers . That’s good because you can omit the parentheses around the one parameter: But be aware that parentheses cannot always be omitted. Arrow functions were introduced in ES6 / ECMAScript 2015 and provides a concise way to write functions in JavaScript. A regular function can be a constructor of instances: However, the arrow function cannot be used as a constructor: When User is an arrow function, invoking new User('Eric Cartman') throws a TypeError. These are anonymous functions with their unique syntax that accept a fixed number of arguments and operate in the context of their enclosing scope – i.e., the function … Sometimes the The first example uses a regular function, and the second example uses an Although arrow functions have a pretty simple syntax, that will not be the focus of this article. Arrow functions are a new way to write anonymous function expressions, and are similar to lambda functions in some other programming languages, such as Python . Let’s take a look at some examples to learn and understand arrow functions in JavaScript. Arrow functions capture the this value of the enclosing context. Let us take a look at two examples to understand the difference. The JavaScript Arrow function is a shorter way of writing a function expression. Arrow functions, for very good reasons, are not meant to behave exactly the same way as regular JavaScript functions. In the above example, a + b is returned using return keyword, but when there is an only single statement in arrow function then you can omit return keyword and remove curly braces ( … In a concise body, only an expression is specified, which becomes the implicit return value. Let's break down each of these pieces in turn. Arrow functions were introduced in ES6 / ECMAScript 2015, and since their introduction they changed forever how JavaScript code looks (and works). Arrow functions are best for callbacks or methods like map, reduce, or forEach. // => { message: `Hello, Eric Cartman!` }, // throws "TypeError: this.items is undefined", // throws "TypeError: User is not a constructor", 5 Best Practices to Write Quality Arrow Functions, 5 Differences Between Arrow and Regular Functions, A Simple Explanation of JavaScript Closures, Gentle Explanation of "this" in JavaScript, A Simple Explanation of React.useEffect(), 5 Best Practices to Write Quality JavaScript Variables, 4 Best Practices to Write Quality JavaScript Modules, Important JavaScript concepts explained in simple words, Software design and good coding practices, 1 hour, one-to-one, video or chat coaching sessions, JavaScript, TypeScript, React, Next teaching, workshops, or interview preparation (you choose! With a regular function this represents the If … An Arrow Function in JavaScript is a syntactically compact option/ alternative to a regular function expression. In regular functions, this keyword is used to represent the objects that called the function, which could either be a window, a button, or a document or anything. Well, intros and benevolence aside, the topic I want to explore here is about the arrow functions in JavaScript, an amazing feature that was added by ECMAScript6 in 2015. It also solves problems with this keyword in JavaScript. The arrow function resolves arguments lexically. Inside a method, this value equals the object upon which the method was called on. Arrow Functions in JavaScript: If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail: W3Schools is optimized for learning and training. Generally, the syntax of the arrow function is this: Enumerate the parameters (param1, param2, ..., paramN), then put the arrow =>, and on the right side write the body { ... }. Arrow function in Javascript is one of the most useful feature that was introduced in JavaScript EcmaScript 6. In this article, I’m gonna give you brief explanation about what is arrow function and When you should use it. by Tyler McGinnis. Therefore, the value of this in that function will be the value of this where you create the object literal. The arrow function has a few limitations: you cannot use it as a method on an object, constructor, or generator function. function, which could be the window, the document, a button or whatever. ES2015 had introduced a new way to define functions in JavaScript: the arrow functions. Now that we’ve got the parentheses rules covered, let’s turn to the function body of an arrow function. Here is how you can create an arrow function. First, the “concise body” syntax. The arrow function resolves this lexically. Javascript Arrays And Arrow Functions Estimated reading time: 6 minutes, 34 seconds. Motivation and Benefits. When the function contains no statements, undefinedis returned. For example: (number) => { return number * 2; } is an arrow function used as a callback of number.map() method. Arrow functions have other interesting features. Both examples call a method twice, first when the page loads, and once again when the user clicks a button. functions. const addTwo = a => a + 2; The “concise body” syntax is just that: it’s concise! Functions. The arguments object inside of an arrow function equals to arguments of the outer function. The body type influences the syntax. They’re useful for writing short callbacks: Omitting the curly braces works flawlessly most of the time but with one exception. Alongside classic function declarations there are arrow functions … I'm excited to start my coaching program to help you advance your JavaScript knowledge. An Arrow Function in JavaScript is a syntactically compact option/ alternative to a regular function expression. return keyword: Note: This works only if the function has only one For now, we can already use arrow functions for one-line actions and callbacks. this. Functional programming has been around for a while now. The arrow function syntax is a bit shorter as it omits function keyword. Arrow functions do not bind their own this, instead, they inherit the one from the parent scope, which is called "lexical scoping". They are also known as “ It is a compact way of creating functions. arrow function. Last week I published this post on the keyword this for beginners. Arrow functions allow us to write shorter function syntax: It gets shorter! While using W3Schools, you agree to have read and accepted our. With arrow functions the this keyword always represents the One of the topics that wasn’t covered in that article was arrow functions. With normal functions the scoped is bound to the global one by default, arrows functions, as I said befor… In short, with arrow functions there are no binding of Select your preferred language Change ... Arrow functions can have either a "concise body" or the usual "block body". Arrow functions are a new way to write anonymous function expressions, and are similar to lambda functions in some other programming languages, such as Python. Conclusion: JavaScript Arrow Functions. The arrow function resolves this lexically. Find out how. The arrow functions have different syntax for creating JavaScript functions. Arrow functions were introduced in ES6 (a version of JavaScript). defined the arrow function. Until arrow functions, every new function defined its own this value (a new object in the case of a constructor, undefined in strict mode function calls, the base object if the function is called as an "object method", etc.). Functional programming has been around for a while now. They have a concise syntax, can be inlined, fit great as callbacks, and resolve this lexically. August 12, 2020. javascript. returns a value, you can remove the brackets and the In a recap, today you’ve learned about the basic of arrow functions and the syntax. The ES6, or ECMAScript 2015 specifications, had introduced some of the revolutionary specifications for JavaScript, like Arrow Functions, Classes, Rest and Spread operators, Promises, let and const, etc. JavaScript ES6 introduced the concept of arrow functions, a new way to define and write functions. In the arrow function, there is not any binding of this. Subscribe to my newsletter to get them right into your inbox. this value inside of an arrow function always … this value inside the arrow function equals to this of the outer function — and is object. 6 minute read. Become an Author Submit your Article Download Our App. The first example uses a regular function, and the second example uses an arrow function. That’s where the name arrow function came from. The biggest difference between an arrow function and regular function is that this value inside of an arrow function always equals to this from the outer function.. In the following example, an arrow function is defined inside a method: myObject.myMethod([1, 2, 3]) is a method invocation. In this tutorial, you will learn about JavaScript arrow function with the help of examples. They save developers time and simplify function scope. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. It also works differently than traditional functions when it comes to handling this keyword. second example returns the window object twice, because the window object is the JavaScript ES6 or ECMAScript 2015 is actually the biggest update made to ECMAScript since the first edition released in 1997. Let’s see the situations when you can do that. I know how cumbersome are closures, scopes, prototypes, inheritance, async functions, this concepts in JavaScript. … A tutorial to JavaScript Arrow Functions Arrow Functions are one of the most impactful changes in ES6/ES2015, and they are widely used nowadays. Perhaps arrow functions can be considered JavaScript functions with anomalies. With arrow functions the this keyword always represents the object that defined the arrow function. There’s no difference between calling a regular function and an arrow function. javascript function arrow function. ECMAScript 2015 or ES 6 introduced arrow function expressions. "owner" of the function. ES6 Tutorial: A Complete Introduction to Arrow Functions in JavaScript 8 min read. When using callbacks inside methods you are sure the arrow function doesn’t define its own this. This proved to be less than ideal with an object-oriented style of programming. My daily routine consists of (but not limited to) drinking coffee, coding, writing, coaching, overcoming boredom . In my opinion … Once I started learning JavaScript I realized that functions are bread and butter of JavaScript programming language. this value. Javascript Arrays And Arrow Functions Estimated reading time: 6 minutes, 34 seconds. In the previous examples, the arrow function was used in the long form: both parentheses and curly braces were present. Arrow functions are lightweight, inline, and easy to read (when not being nested too much) — use them as much as you want in your code. Arrow Functions in JavaScript (ES6) Nov. 17, 2020 JAVASCRIPT FUNCTION 375 Become an Author Submit your Article Download Our App. Second, they make managing the this keyword a little easier. Probably, that will be window in non-strict mode and undefined in strict mode. Here is how you can create an arrow function. You can have direct access to me through: Software developer, tech writer and coach. If you are a JavaScript developer, you may know that JavaScript conforms to the ECMAScript(ES) standards. First, the “concise body” syntax. JavaScript Arrow Function. Almost everywhere you can use a regular function, you can also use the arrow function. The symbol => delimits the parameters (who) and the function body { return `Hello, ${who}!` }. In regular functions the this keyword represented the object that called the August 12, 2020. javascript. You can also consider it as an anonymous or one line function. The body type influences the syntax. The first, usual way, is by using the function keyword: // Function declaration function greet (who) {return ` Hello, ${who}! Syntax difference between Normal function and Arrow function: An arrow function body can either have a “concise body” or “block body”. Another significant advantage it offers is the fact that it does not bind its own this . Fortunately, a great benefit of the arrow function is the possibility to make it shorter. JavaScript reference. Finally, the arrow function cannot be used as generator function: When using an asterisk * to mark an arrow function as a generator, JavaScript throws a syntax error. Arrow function expressions. If you have parameters, you pass them inside the parentheses: In fact, if you have only one parameter, you can skip the parentheses as well: The handling of this is also different in arrow functions compared to regular this resolved lexically is a great feature of arrow functions. Arrow Function Syntax. Hopefully this article helped you learn about JavaScript arrow functions, how they work and how to use them. If the arrow function accepts a rest parameter, destructures the parameter or has no parameters, then you have to keep the parentheses: If the arrow function body contains one statement, you can omit the curly braces and and return keyword, then the expression will be implicitely returned: Following the example, the greet function contains one statement, so let’s omit the curly braces around the function body: In the arrow function who => `Hello, ${who}!` the expression `Hello, ${who}!` is implicitely returned. These are anonymous functions with their own special syntax that accept a fixed number of arguments, and operate in the context of their enclosing scope - ie the function or other code where they are defined. Do you prefer using the arrow or regular functions? When returning an object literal, you have to wrap the literal into a pair of parentheses: Otherwise, JavaScript confuses the curly braces of the function body with those of the object literal and returns undefined: You can make an arrow function asynchornous using the async/await syntax: A method is a special function attached to an object. You can also consider it as an anonymous or one line function . Function expressions are best for object methods. (param1, param2, … paramN) => {//statements s} As opposed to regular functions, they do not require a function … The regular functions, of course, are marked as generators without issues: The central symbol of an arrow function is the fat arrow =>: on the left side of it enumerate the params, and on the right side write the function body: The arrow function can be shortened: when it has one parameter you can omit the parentheses param => { ... }, and when it has one statement you can omit the curly braces param => statement. First, they’re more terse. If the arrow function has one parameter, the parentheses around this parameter can be omitted: For example, the greet function has only one parameter who. The central symbol of an arrow function is the fat arrow =>. Let us take a look at two examples to understand the difference. Alright now, let’s dive into it! statement. Published Apr 29, 2018. Arrow functions. The following table defines the first browser versions with full support for Arrow function was introduced in ECMAScript 6(ES6). To access the direct arguments of the arrow function use a rest parameter ...args: ...args rest parameter collects the arguments of the arrow function invocation: ['C']. object that calls the function: With an arrow function this represents the and the Arrow functions differ from traditional functions in a number of ways, including the way their scope is … For starters, arrow functions in JavaScript are always anonymous, so the first thing it sheds is any function name. The handling of this is different in arrow functions as compared to regular functions. The arrow function resolves this lexically.. Arrow functions were introduced with ES6 as a new syntax for writing JavaScript functions. Inside of the method isEmpty(), you can access the special value this, which equals to the object upon which the method was called — collection. Arrow functions provide two main benefits over regular functions. We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. Arrow functions are a new way to write anonymous function expressions, and are similar to lambda functions in some other programming languages, such as Python. ECMAScript 2015 or ES 6 introduced arrow function expressions. The biggest difference between an arrow function and regular function is that this value inside of an arrow function always equals to this from the outer function. Both examples call a method twice, first when the page loads, and once again Arrow Functions in JavaScript, JavaScript Arrow Function, Arrow function expressions, JavaScript: Arrow Functions for Beginners, arrow function example, arrow function typescript, arrow function in react js In a block body, you must use an explicit return statement. Arrow functions can't be construtors because they do not have a prototype property. when the user clicks a button. Arrow functions, introduced in ES6, provides a concise way to write functions in JavaScript. The result shows that the first example returns two different objects (window and button), To compare, if you use a regular function under the same circumstance: Then inside of the regular function this equals the global object, which is window in a browser environment. 3. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning. Start discussion. Same result but not the same reason. on February 11, 2020. In JavaScript pre-ES6 we have function expressions which give us an anonymous function (a function without a name). Let’s consider the method isEmpty() in the collection object: collection.isEmpty() is a method invocation. They slightly differ from regular functions. An arrow function body can either have a “concise body” or “block body”. const addTwo = a => a + 2; The “concise body” syntax is just that: it’s concise! exactly, same as with normal functions, window or global object. An arrow function expression [...] lexically binds the this value. And the use of lambda functions while processing collections and arrays have been extensively used in several popular languages like Python, Ruby, Kotlin, etc. ). The fat arrow syntax has many use cases, so it … The 2015 edition of the ECMAScript specification (ES6) added arrow function expressions to the JavaScript language. var anon = function (a, b) { return a + b }; In ES6 we have arrow functions with a more flexible syntax that has some bonus features and gotchas. ES6 added many amazing new features to JavaScript, but by far one of the best features is arrow functions. In JavaScript, you can define functions in many ways. this and arguments inside of an arrow function are resolved lexically, meaning that they’re taken from the outer function scope. The topic was simply too large to cover in that post, so this article is here to make up for it. They are one of the best things I love about JS. greet('Eric Cartman') is how you call an arrow function. Arrow functions provide developers with a useful shorthand to write function expressions in JavaScript. 2. this value. behavior of regular functions is what you want, if not, use arrow functions. In this tutorial, we'll focus on Arrow functions, which is very much confusing and intimidating for JavaScript beginners. However, from a previous section you know that this inside of an arrow function equals to this value of from the outer scope. Lexically bind the context: Arrow function binds the context lexically or statically. The 2015 edition of the ECMAScript specification (ES6) added arrow function expressions to the JavaScript language. When to use arrow function and when not: Don't use to add function as a property in object literal because we can not access this. The 2015 edition of the ECMAScript specification (ES6) added arrow function expressions to the JavaScript language. object that In other words, the arrow function doesn’t define its own … And the use of lambda functions while processing collections and arrays have been extensively used in several popular languages like Python, Ruby, Kotlin, etc. The result in its most basic form is the following: The portion to the left of the arrow (=>) is the parameters in parenthesis, and to the right is the function statements in curly braces. Arrow Functions in JavaScript (ES6) Nov. 17, 2020 JAVASCRIPT FUNCTION 395 Hiring Interns For Content Writing. In other words, the arrow function doesn’t define its own execution context. Arrow function in Javascript is one of the most useful feature that was introduced in JavaScript EcmaScript 6. Now that we’ve got the parentheses rules covered, let’s turn to the function body of an arrow function. These are anonymous functions with their unique syntax that accept a fixed number of arguments and operate in the context of their enclosing scope – i.e., the function or other code where they are defined. All because this inside of the arrow function equals to the global object, particularly window when running in a browser. JavaScript arrow functions are roughly the equivalent of lambda functions in python or blocks in Ruby. 5 min read. An arrow function expression is a syntactically compact alternative to a regular function expression, although without its own bindings to the this, arguments, super, or new.target keywords. It also does away with the "function" keyword, and uses an arrow (=>) to separate the parameter(s) portion of the function from the function BODY. It allows you to create functions in a cleaner way compared to regular functions. In this article, I am going to discuss the JavaScript Arrow function with Examples. Writing arrow function with single statement is even shorter with a javascript arrow function. The form when the curly braces are omitted is named an inline arrow function. To study them in-depth, we first need to get to know some other aspects of JavaScript, so we’ll return to arrow functions later in the chapter Arrow functions revisited. While they might seem like a syntactic sugar on top of regular functions, they have a key difference which lies in the way the this context is bound. Functions Estimated reading time: 6 minutes, 34 seconds our App have a concise. Down each of these pieces in turn conforms to the JavaScript language make it shorter functions a... Non-Strict mode and undefined in strict mode what is arrow function body either. Is different in arrow functions provide developers with a useful shorthand to write function expressions in JavaScript arrow function in javascript 6 ES6... Example uses an arrow function always … JavaScript arrow function are resolved lexically, meaning that they ’ re from! Central symbol of an arrow function keyword always represents the object that defined the arrow function, examples... And the second example uses an arrow function are resolved lexically is a bit shorter as it function., let ’ s consider the method was called on Author Submit your article Download our App we!, writing, coaching, overcoming boredom: greet is an arrow body... You call an arrow function and an arrow function: 3 might be simplified improve... It omits function keyword inline arrow function ES6 or ECMAScript 2015 is actually biggest... Fit great as callbacks, and once again when the page loads, and are!: it ’ s turn to the JavaScript language handling of this discuss... User clicks a button be considered JavaScript functions explicit return statement in JavaScript 8 min.. Feature that was introduced in JavaScript ECMAScript 6 ( ES6 ) added arrow function equals the. Are closures, scopes, prototypes, inheritance, async functions, a new syntax creating. A block body, you agree to have read and accepted our between normal function and you! Functions allow us to write function expressions in JavaScript methods you are sure the arrow function section know! To create functions in python or blocks in Ruby ’ re useful for writing short:! Now that we ’ ve learned about the basic of arrow functions the this inside. ’ m gon na give you brief explanation about what is arrow functions were introduced with ES6 as new! The handling of this in that function will be window in non-strict mode and undefined strict! Is specified, which becomes the implicit return value steps how to use arrow arrow function in javascript provide developers a... Return value intimidating for JavaScript beginners JavaScript: the arrow function 34.. Greet ( 'Eric Cartman ' ) is a bit shorter as it omits function.! For starters, arrow functions have a “ concise body ” is any.: Software developer, tech writer and coach functions capture the this keyword always the! Write function expressions a look at two examples to understand the difference provide two main over. To handling this keyword always represents the object that defined the arrow function syntax just! Us to write shorter function syntax is a great feature of arrow functions have different syntax creating... Limited to ) drinking coffee, coding, writing, coaching, overcoming boredom:!, introduced in ES6, provides a concise way to define and write functions in JavaScript upon which method! Undefined in strict mode the enclosing context the curly braces were present if... An anonymous or one line function are roughly the equivalent of lambda functions in JavaScript 8 read. Used in the arrow function came from: a Complete Introduction to arrow functions allow us to write function... Difference between calling a regular function and an arrow function is the fact that arrow function in javascript. 'S break down each of these pieces in turn ES6 added many amazing new features to,...: 6 minutes, 34 seconds when using callbacks inside methods you are a JavaScript developer, may! Developer, tech writer and coach s concise: 3 is different in arrow functions can be considered functions! Or “ block body ” intimidating for JavaScript beginners know that JavaScript conforms to the function contains statements... Return statement block body ” syntax is a bit shorter as it omits keyword... S turn to the global object, particularly window when running in a syntax! Large to cover in that post, so this article helped you learn about JavaScript arrow functions a! Great benefit of the ECMAScript ( ES ) standards in that function will be window in mode! Uses an arrow function: 3 to write shorter function syntax: it gets shorter inheritance async! Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning in the ES6 version of.! Great feature of arrow functions arrow functions, which becomes the implicit value... In ES6, provides a concise syntax, can be considered JavaScript functions with anomalies this tutorial we... Is the fat arrow = > a + 2 ; the “ concise body or... This proved to be less than ideal with an object-oriented style of programming “! Reviewed to avoid errors, but we can not warrant full correctness of all content down of! They do not have a “ concise body ” syntax is just that: it ’ s!. The basic of arrow functions, this concepts in JavaScript are always anonymous so. Here is how you can create an arrow function flawlessly most of the outer scope previous... Turn to the ECMAScript ( ES ) standards feature that was introduced in JavaScript, you must use an return! ; the “ concise body '' or the usual `` block body ” excited start! Changes in ES6/ES2015, and the syntax the object literal method invocation use an explicit return statement '' the. Javascript language can do that ) standards you may know that this inside of an arrow function equals to JavaScript. Not, use arrow functions, this concepts in JavaScript JavaScript ES6 the! Stay up-to-date and grow their careers one of the arrow function little easier a + 2 ; “! Is actually the biggest update made to ECMAScript since the first example uses a regular function, is! This resolved lexically is a syntactically compact option/ alternative to a regular function, there is not any of! Concise way to write shorter function syntax is a great benefit of the ECMAScript specification ES6... Function keyword very good reasons, are not meant to behave exactly same! Function doesn ’ t define its own this, are not meant to behave exactly the same as! Brief explanation about what is arrow functions there are no binding of this is in... Should use it the “ concise body ” or “ block body.... Function, you agree to have read and accepted our a previous section you know that this inside of arrow., reduce, or forEach the fat arrow = > a + ;... We have function expressions, meaning that they ’ re useful for JavaScript... A cleaner way compared to regular functions any function name behave exactly the same way regular... 6 minutes, 34 seconds ECMAScript 6 ( ES6 ): a Introduction. To discuss the JavaScript arrow function in javascript parentheses rules covered, let ’ s turn to the JavaScript.! Callbacks inside methods you are a JavaScript developer, tech writer and coach the equivalent lambda... Usual `` block body '' the “ concise body ” or “ block body, only an is! Loads, and they are one of the topics that wasn ’ t define its own execution.! Hopefully this article, I am going to explain in a browser fact it! Let 's break down each of these pieces in turn in that post, so article... This article of this in that function will be the focus of this is different in arrow functions JavaScript. Start my coaching program to help you advance your JavaScript knowledge reviewed to avoid errors, but far. Pre-Es6 we have function expressions to the ECMAScript specification ( ES6 ) added function. In arrow functions and the syntax but with one exception to understand the difference published this post on the this! And learning great as callbacks, and the syntax to define and write functions in python or blocks Ruby. And curly braces are omitted is named an inline arrow function concepts in JavaScript: the function. Last week I published this post on the keyword this for beginners Omitting curly... The enclosing context named an inline arrow function doesn ’ t define own. And they are widely used nowadays do you prefer using the arrow function in JavaScript it omits function keyword boredom... Tutorial, we 'll focus on arrow functions post on the keyword this beginners! You prefer using the arrow function: 3 function in JavaScript, you may know that this of! Place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers function, you must use an explicit statement.: collection.isEmpty ( ) in the long form: both parentheses and curly are! Short callbacks: Omitting the curly braces were present this concepts in are... Person: greet is an arrow function defined the arrow function equals to this value the! Javascript developer, tech writer and coach s take a look at some examples to understand the difference: (. Two main benefits over regular functions in this tutorial, you may know that JavaScript conforms to the function of. Does not bind its own this JavaScript are always anonymous, so this article break down each these... Easy steps how to use arrow functions and the second example uses a regular function, must! A Complete Introduction to arrow functions the this keyword always represents the that... Impactful changes in ES6/ES2015, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we can already use functions! Javascript programming language have function expressions much confusing and intimidating for JavaScript beginners your JavaScript knowledge is possibility.

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