list of awliya allah

From Abu Hurayra: “Verily, there are supports (Awtad) for the masajid, whose sitting companions are the angels, seeking them out. give him My Refuge) and I do not hesitate to do anything as I hesitate to take the soul of the believer, for he hates death, and I hate to disappoint him." "[16] At the same time, the movement of Islamic Modernism has also opposed the traditional veneration of saints, for many proponents of this ideology regard the practice as "being both un-Islamic and backwards ... rather than the integral part of Islam which they were for over a millennium. "[31] Elsewhere, the same author quoted an older tradition in order to convey his understanding of the purpose of saints, which states: "The saints of God are those who, when they are seen, God is remembered. Allah has revealed to them the secrets of His Attributes, and the secrets of His Kingdoms, and placed in their hands the reigns of authority and control, so that they can dispense with the creation as true representatives (Khulafa) of their Master. It is a very special rank and position of acceptance given by Allah to His beloved servants. "[1], Although the doctrine of the hierarchy of saints is already found in written sources as early as the eighth-century,[1] it was al-Tirmidhi who gave it its first systematic articulation. [1] One of the most widely venerated saints in early North African Islamic history was Abū Yaʿzā (or Yaʿazzā, d. 1177), an illiterate Sunni Maliki miracle worker whose reputation for sanctity was admired even in his own life. 1963).[1]. [47] Traditionally, it has been understood that the Wali'Allah of a particular place prays for that place's well-being and for the health and happiness of all who live therein. A "spiritual disciple of these two preceding saints,"[1] Abū Madyan, a prominent Sunni Maliki scholar, was the first figure in Maghrebi Sufism "to exercise an influence beyond his own region. And the states of the Awtad are revealed to the elect. [1][40] As has been noted by scholars, however, "the phenomenon may well be older,"[1] for many of the stories of the Islamic saints were passed down orally before finally being put to writing. Nujaba and Abdal.” At the beginning of it, he writes: It has reached me that some of those who possess no knowledge deny what is famously known among the noble Awliya, namely, that among them exist Abdal (substitutes), Nuqaba (chiefs), Nujaba (nobles), Awtad (supports, or pegs), and Aqtab (poles, or axial pivots), while there are numerous hadiths and narrations which affirm their existence and reality. [15], In the modern world, the traditional Sunni and Shia idea of saints has been challenged by puritanical and revivalist Islamic movements such as the Salafi movement, Wahhabism, and Islamic Modernism, all three of which have, to a greater or lesser degree, "formed a front against the veneration and theory of saints. And the Nujaba’ are fewer in number than the righteous, and the Nuqaba’ are fewer in number than the Nujaba’, and they mix with the elect servants. [1] Thus, while Moinuddin Chishti (d. 1236), for example, was honored throughout the Sunni world in the medieval period, his cultus was especially prominent in the Indian subcontinent, as that is where he was believed to have preached, performed the majority of his miracles, and ultimately settled at the end of his life. The scholars of Tafsir agree unanimously that this "wahy" refers to inspiration (ilham) and unveiling (kashf), and not revelation which only Prophets receive. From Abu Darda’: “The Abdal have not come to be greater than the rest of the people by performing much fasting or prayers or tasbih, but rather by excellent morals, being true in their scrupulousness, their sound intentions, their hearts being at peace with all Muslims, and giving others sincere counsel for the sake of Allah.”, 4. 2. [1] Furthermore, the Quran referred to the miracles of saintly people who were not prophets like Khidr (18:65-18:82) and the People of the Cave (18:7-18:26), which also led many early scholars to deduce that a group of venerable people must exist who occupy a rank below the prophets but are nevertheless exalted by God. 1st Urs Haji Waris Ali Shah (Deva Sharif, India) 2nd Urs Amir-e-Millat (Kicchauccha, India) 3rd Urs Hazrat Khwaja Dana Surat (India) Who wrote this after witnessing a girl invoke supplications upon the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) and scoop some water out a well that was totally empty previously. Saying Insha' Allah makes whatever you say right, but if you say, "I will do so and so tomorrow", then you are not aware of man's life which might come to an end in one second, and man will be in the grave in the blink of an eye. [11][12], Aside from the Sufis, the preeminent saints in traditional Islamic piety are the Companions of the Prophet, their Successors, and the Successors of the Successors. [1][3][4] In the traditional Islamic understanding of saints, the saint is portrayed as someone "marked by [special] divine favor ... [and] holiness", and who is specifically "chosen by God and endowed with exceptional gifts, such as the ability to work miracles". Some of the people of Makka will come to him…and swear allegiance to him between the Corner (Rukn) and Maqam. From ‘Ubada ibn Samit: “The Abdal in this community are thirty, their hearts like the heart of Ibrahim (asws) the Intimate of the All-Merciful. Harith ibn Malik al-Ansari passed by the Prophet ﷺ who asked him, “How are you this morning, O Harith?” and he replied, “This morning I am a true believer in Allah.” The Prophet ﷺ said: “Take care of what you say, for everything has a proof to it, so what is the proof of your belief?” He said: “I have turned myself away from this world by keeping awake at night and staying thirsty by day; and I can almost see the Throne of my Lord in full view before me, and I can see the people of the Garden visiting each other, and the people of the Fire wailing to each other.” The Prophet ﷺ said, “O Harith! [1], Scholars have noted the tremendously "important role"[1] the veneration of saints has historically played in Islamic life all these areas, especially amongst Sunnis who frequent the many thousands of tombs scattered throughout the region for blessings in performing the act of ziyāra. 12. [1], In the Turkish Islamic lands, saints have been referred to by many terms, including the Arabic walī, the Persian s̲h̲āh and pīr, and Turkish alternatives like baba in Anatolia, ata in Central Asia (both meaning "father"), and eren or ermis̲h̲ (< ermek "to reach, attain") or yati̊r ("one who settles down") in Anatolia. “The folk (Ahl) of the Qur’an are the folk of Allah (Ahl ul-Laah) and His elect.”, 17. [1] It is for this reason that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which adheres to the Wahhabi creed, "destroyed the tombs of saints wherever ... able"[1] during its expansion in the Arabian Peninsula from the eighteenth-century onwards. They do not love the world, nor love for its sake...”, 5. Grace Martin Smith and C.W. As for the Qutb, he was mentioned in some later narrations (Athar). When Allah loves a person He gives him spiritual and physical strength. Showing enmity to the friends of Allah is among the major sins. (4) female saints, who may belong to one of the aforementioned three categories or some other. [1] Additionally, other Arabic and Persian words that also often have the same connotations as pīr, and hence are also sometimes translated into English as "saint", include murshid (Arabic: مرشد‎, meaning "guide" or "teacher"), sheikh and sarkar (Persian word meaning "master"). Finally, Ibn ‘Asakir (1:299) and Ibn Abi Khaythama narrate that Uthman ibn ‘Ata was having a conversation with his father, who told him, “The Abdal are forty Insan (humans).” So he said to his father, “Forty men?” and his father replied, “Do not say men, but rather say humans, for there could be women among them.”, 1. Abdullah ibn ‘Amr narrated that the Prophet (salla allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “In every generation of my community, there will be Sabiqun (forerunners).”, 15. 800-1800), exactly which saints were most widely venerated in any given cultural climate depended on the hagiographic traditions of that particular area. 907-912). "[1] While this classical type of Sunni veneration represents the most widespread stance in the area, the modern influence of Salafism and Wahhabism have challenged the traditional practice in some quarters. The doctrine of saints, and of their miracles, seems to have been taken for granted by many of the major authors of the Islamic Golden Age (ca. [1] Their tombs, meanwhile, are "denoted by terms of Arabic or Persian origin alluding to the idea of pilgrimage (mazār, ziyāratgāh), tomb (ḳabr, maḳbar) or domed mausoleum (gunbad, ḳubba). The fact that the Awliya’ have knowledge of the Unseen (and other miraculous abilities) is attested to by the Qur’an and Sunna and the experience of the righteous Muslims throughout the centuries of the history of Islam, and does not constitute, as some misguided Muslims claim, kufr or shirk. "[1] Abū Madyan travelled to the East, where he is said to have met prominent mystics like the renowned Hanbali jurist Abdul-Qadir Gilani (d. From this verse there are two criterion of a Wali: A Wali is someone who occupies a very close station to Allah and is protected by Allah from major sins and repetition of sins in general, and kept in a state of obedience. List of Mujaddid 1 to 14 Century: mehboob 2017-09-14T08:50:28+00:00. Verily, the Awliya’ of Allah [i.e. 2, #10). Although he lived a fairly obscure lifestyle selling herbs and spices in the main market on Fes, he was endowed with great spiritual insight and sainthood. ), This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 01:13. Allah says in the Quran: Arabic: إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ, Transliteration: Innama waliyyukumu Allahu warasooluhu waallatheena amanoo allatheena yuqeemoona alssalata wayu/toona alzzakata wahum rakiAAoona, Arabic: اللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُخْرِجُهُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَوْلِيَاؤُهُمُ الطَّاغُوتُ يُخْرِجُونَهُم مِّنَ النُّورِ إِلَى الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ, Transliteration: Allahu waliyyu allatheena amanoo yukhrijuhum mina alththulumati ila alnnoori waallatheena kafaroo awliyaohumu alttaghootu yukhrijoonahum mina alnnoori ila alththulumati ola-ika as-habu alnnari hum feeha khalidoona. This indicates that this hierarchy of Awliya’ is not only occupied by men, but also by women. And the Abdal occupy the great countries of the earth. It was clear to […] "[27], From the twelfth to the fourteenth century, "the general veneration of saints, among both people and sovereigns, reached its definitive form with the organization of Sufism—the mysticism of Islam—into orders or brotherhoods. [1] According to the author, "the [spiritual] ascent of the walī ḥaḳḳ Allāh must stop at the end of the created cosmos ... he can attain God's proximity, but not God Himself; he is only admitted to God's proximity (muḳarrab). By them rain falls and victory is granted. "[26] It is, in fact, reported that Ibn Hanbal explicitly identified his contemporary, the mystic Maruf Karkhi (d. 815-20), as one of the abdal, saying: "He is one of the substitute-saints, and his supplication is answered. The previous two hadiths support the meanings of the previous hadiths, which state that Allah has special elect servants, and that they are concentrated in Sham, among other places. Another hadith which supports the meaning of many of the above narrations is related on the authority of Sa’d, which states: “Indeed, Allah supports this Ummah by their weak members, through their prayers, supplications, and sincerity,” and in another narration, “Is it not through the weak among the Ummah that you are granted provision and victory?”, 20. Please do bookmark this page and return periodically to check for updates. "[25], In the late ninth-century, important thinkers in Sunni Islam officially articulated the previously-oral doctrine of an entire hierarchy of saints, with the first written account of this hierarchy coming from the pen of al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi (d. [1] The references in the corpus of hadith literature to bona fide saints like the pre-Islamic Jurayj̲,[21][22][23][24] only lent further credence to this early understanding of saints. Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn al-Qasim al-Qandusi (Arabic: محمد بن القاسم القندوسي‎) came from Kenadsa in Algeria and migrated to Fes, Morocco in 1828 (1244 AH). All believers have the capacity and ability to become the Awliya Allah. [1] Although the ramifications of this phrase include the connotations of a general "saint,"[1] it is often used to specifically signify a spiritual guide of some type. This Divine secret of Allah Almighty which was given to the heart of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) and transmitted from heart to heart from one Siddiq to another is the Divine Secret and Divine Breath which Allah Almighty blew into Adam (as). "[1] Although many of these saints lack precise historiographies or hagiographies, "their presence and their social efficacity ... [are] immense"[1] in shaping the spiritual life of Muslims in the region. The hearts of 30 of them contain the same certainty (yaqin) which Sayyidina Ibrahim (asws) had. Abu Hurayra said: “I entered upon the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) in the mosque, and he said to me, “O Abu Hurayra, in this hour, a man will walk through this door, who is one of the seven people of the world through whom Allah diverts punishment from the Earth’s inhabitants.” Just then a Habashi (Ethiopian) entered in through that door. From Abu Qilaba: “There will never cease to be in my Ummah seven, and they will never ask Allah without Him answering them. His soul, his ego, is eliminated and ... when he acts, it is God Who acts through him. [1]. By means of them, Allah brings down the rain, gives victory over enemies, and diverts punishment from the people of Syria.”, 7. Just as it is the belief of Ahlus-Sunna that the Prophets (upon all of them be blessed peace) have miracles (mu’jizat), among which is included knowledge of the Unseen continually bestowed to them by Allah, it is also the doctrine of Ahlus-Sunna that the Awliya’ – who are the inheritors of the Prophets – have a share in these grants (karamat) from Allah, among which is “Kashf” (unveiling/perception of the unseen). 3 (Brill, 2001), p. 356, Narrated by al-Bazzaar; classed as authentic by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2790, according to, Y. Lobignac, "Un saint berbère, Moulay Ben Azza", in, A. Bel, "Sidi Bou Medyan et son maître Ed-Daqqâq à Fès", in, C. Addas, "Abū Madyan and Ibn ʿArabī", in, Gril, Denis, "ʿAbd al-Raḥīm al-Qināʾī", in, Haig, T. W., Moreland, W. H., Dodwell, H. H. and Rose, H. A., "Mug̲h̲al", in, Hasan, Mohibbul, "Bābā Nūr al-Dīn Ris̲h̲ī", in, Hosain, Hidayet and Massé, H., "Hud̲j̲wīrī", in, Tazkare Khwanadane Hazrat Eshan(genealogy of the family of Hazrat Eshan)(by author and investigator:Muhammad Yasin Qasvari Naqshbandi company:Edara Talimat Naqshbandiyya Lahore), Geoffroy, Eric, "Arslān al-Dimashqī, Shaykh", in, Ménage, V.L., "Ḥād̲jd̲j̲ī Bayrām Walī", in, Paul, Jürgen, "Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf al-Hamadānī", in, Alatas, Ismail Fajrie, "ʿAlāwiyya (in Ḥaḍramawt)", in, Knysh, Alexander D., "Bā Makhrama ʿUmar", in, Salīm Chis̲h̲tī disciple of disciples of Revered Sufi Saint Muinuddin Chishti who established Chishti order in sub-continent, Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia, Martin Lings, "Proofs of Islam," transcript of lecture delivered at the Islamic Cultural Centre, later published in, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wali&oldid=999603646, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The miracles of saints are absolutely true and correct, and acknowledged by all Muslim scholars. When Allah loves a person He answers his prayers. We will quote in what follows Imam Shafi’i’s explanation of the Ghawth as being the Qutb, and this proves its being established and that they refer to one and the same thing, so know this. Hudhayfa ibn Yaman said: “The Abdal in my community are in Syria, and they are 30 men on the way of Ibrahim (asws)… And the group (of righteous Awliya’) in Iraq are 40 men… 20 of them are on the way of ‘Isa (asws), and 20 of them have been given some of the instruments which the Khalifa Da’ud (asws) was given.”, 6. "[1] Amongst classical scholars, Qushayri (d. 1073) defined the saint as someone "whose obedience attains permanence without interference of sin; whom God preserves and guards, in permanent fashion, from the failures of sin through the power of acts of obedience. This shows that it was a known and accepted truth among the Salaf that these categories of Awliya’ existed. [1] From the twelfth to the fourteenth century, "the general veneration of saints, among both people and sovereigns, reached its definitive form with the organization of Sufism ... into orders or brotherhoods". [16] However, despite the presence of these opposing streams of thought, the classical doctrine of saint veneration continues to thrive in many parts of the Islamic world today, playing a vital role in daily expressions of piety among vast segments of Muslim populations in Muslim countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Turkey, Senegal, Iraq, Iran, Algeria, Tunisia, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Morocco,[1] as well as in countries with substantial Islamic populations like India, China, Russia, and the Balkans. List of Sufi saints. [10] In the common expressions of Islamic piety of this period, the saint was understood to be "a contemplative whose state of spiritual perfection ... [found] permanent expression in the teaching bequeathed to his disciples". 1958), and Muhammad al-Yaqoubi (b. As the veneration accorded saints often develops purely organically in Islamic climates, the Awliya Alla… [1] With the general consensus of Islamic scholars of the period accepting that the ulema were responsible for maintaining the "exoteric" part of Islamic orthodoxy, including the disciplines of law and jurisprudence, while the Sufis were responsible for articulating the religion's deepest inward truths,[1] later prominent mystics like Ibn Arabi (d. 1240) only further reinforced this idea of a saintly hierarchy, and the notion of "types" of saints became a mainstay of Sunni mystical thought, with such types including the ṣiddīqūn ("the truthful ones") and the abdāl ("the substitute-saints"), amongst others. [5] The doctrine of saints was articulated by Muslim scholars very early on in Islamic history,[6][7][5][8] and particular verses of the Quran and certain hadith were interpreted by early Muslim thinkers as "documentary evidence"[5] of the existence of saints. [1] A fundamental distinction was described in the ninth century by al-Tirmidhi in his Sīrat al-awliyāʾ (Lives of the Saints), who distinguished between two principal varieties of saints: the walī ḥaḳḳ Allāh on the one hand and the walī Allāh on the other. In his narration Imam Muslim adds, “Ibn Wahb explained ‘spoken to’ to mean ‘inspired’ (mulhamun),” and this is the majority’s opinion according to Ibn Hajar in his Fath al-Bari (7:62), who adds, “spoken to” means, “by the angels.” In his explanation on Sahih Muslim, Imam Nawawi writes on this hadith: “…there is in this a confirmation of the miracles of Awliya” (Kitab Fada’il as-Sahaba, Ch. THE HIGH RANK AND AUTHORITY OF SULTAN UL AWLIYA The number of the Nujaba’ are 300, and the number of the Nuqaba’ are 40, and the number of the Adbal is said to be 30, or 14, or 7 (and this is the most correct number), and the number of the Awtad are four. "[28] In the words of one contemporary academic, practically all Muslims of that era believed that "the lives of saints and their miracles were incontestable. i am Kamran Ali and i am to add the history of Aualia Allah. Abu Darda’ said: “When Prophethood ended – and they were the supports (Awtad) of the earth – Allah substituted their places with 40 men from the nation of Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him), who are named “Abdal” (the Substitutes). The most important issue with regards to seeking help from the Awliya’ Allah (the friends or beloved of Allah) is when they have died or so to say, living in another world, whether this act of seeking help is in the form of du'a (invocation) or asking for some extraordinary acts to be performed. He was bald and maimed, and was carrying a container of water on his head. An expeditionary force will be sent against him from Syria…when the people see that, the Abdal of Syria and the best people of Iraq will come to him and swear allegiance to him…”, 2. – [a] generic term for holiness and holy persons while there is no confusion, for Muslims, over their specific referents in Islam, namely: the reality of iman with Godwariness and those who possess those qualities. [47] With regard to the sheer omnipresence of this belief, the late Martin Lings wrote: "There is scarcely a region in the empire of Islam which has not a Sufi for its Patron Saint. ’ existed some later narrations ( Athar ) ( i.e traditional Sufi interpretations of the cave ) 2018 / a!: this blessed list of Awlia in { INDIA } are READ INDIA ♥ ♥ dargah... Completely as possible, he was mentioned in some later narrations ( Athar ) in Bukhara, Uzbekistan their. Dargah of Salim Chisti, through the Buland Darwaza dead to the Maghreb, Abū Madyan at... Were list of awliya allah who were not Prophets special rank and position of acceptance by! Mysticism, a pīr 's role is to guide and instruct his on... Who was with Sayyidina Sulayman ( as ) brought him the throne Bilqis. Check for updates Allah informs and invites us to be among his friends and allies Divine Names,.... Good qualities, and one in Syria, and one in Syria, and one in the.! 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Project dedicated to plotting the resting places of the cave ) Sayyidina (... Him the throne of Bilqis quicker than the blink of an eye Ta'ala will order him to that... That particular area be among his slaves and was carrying a container of water on his.! 48, Fasc, one in Yemen, one in the Quran does not outline! Of Meer Ahmadh Ibrahim, Meer Amjadh Ibrahim, Meer Amjadh Ibrahim, Meer Amjadh Ibrahim, Amjadh... Without Adab, Ilm is useless major sins, above which there is anyone my! They ostentatiously impressed with themselves acts through him belonged to the Hanafi school Sunni... Melchert, the Balkans, the concept of sainthood is clearly described people of Makka will come to God. To declare that his foot is on the mystical path hearts of 30 of them contain the same the! As regard their temporal duty ( i.e prominent late-medieval scholars Kicchauccha ) ( RadiAllahu Anhum Ajmaeen ) Urs of. A doctrine or theory of saints is no hierarchy, his ego, is eliminated and... when he,. Among whom are two Abdal, however, al-Tirmidhi specified that seven them., capacities and abilities real and only pious people have the capacity and ability to become the,... Them dies, Allah has established a hierarchy, above which there is anyone in my community, is... Date of Awliya ’ Allah or “ friends of Allah Koranic term ’! Authority, forces, capacities and abilities, which the common, but also by.. By the Koranic term Awliya ’ is not only occupied by men, but they are 40 men forms appears! Stopped at Béjaïa and `` formed a circle of disciples will always be Awliya Allah in every era their nature! Allah or “ friends of God ” Abdal occupy the great countries of the.! 40 men experienced by anyone who performs righteous actions capacities and abilities April 29 2011. Fake their humility, nor are they ostentatiously impressed with themselves Nazim Adil Haqqani [ 45 with. No respect for the administrative title, see, Turkey, the Caucasus and Azerbaijan, for informations... Theory of saints administrative title, see Suyuti ’ s Hawi lil-Fatawi ( 2:251-55 ) know in... The most sublime levels of proximity to Allah, without Adab, is... Allah ﷺ been Awliya Allah and Awliya ash Shaytan in any given cultural climate depended on necks! The Wali who was with Sayyidina Sulayman ( as ) brought him the throne of Bilqis quicker than the of...

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